URDU: علم التجوید اور علم القراء ت کے تدوینی مراحل کا تحقیقی و تاریخی جائزہ
Reasearch & historical Analysis on Compilation Process of Ilm ul Tajweed & Ilm ul Qiraat
The Holy Qur'an which is the basic source and main principle in Islamic law. It was revealed to the Holy Prophet (sws) in Arabic for the guidance mankind. Since this is the last divine revelation, Allah Almighty has taken care of it till the Day of Resurrection and in order to keep it safe from change, He has set up different sections and groups of the Ummah to serve in different aspects and fields of the Qur'an. Among them is a group of scholars and reciters who have preserved and recorded the teachings of the Holy Prophet (sws) with all the details regarding the beauty of pronunciation, recitation and tone of the Qur'an.One of the many features of the Qur'an is that it was revealed to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) with more than one recitation, and it is common in the ummah to recite Qur'an with all these recitations. It is necessary to believe in all of them and the denial of these letters and recitations is also a kind of disbelief and the denial of the Qur'an itself. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) taught the Sahaabah to recite the Qur'aan in different recitations during his lifetime, then the Sahaabah and later the Imams of Qur'an and Sunnah passed on these recitations to Ummah. Like the Imams of Hadith and Fiqh, there is a long list of Imams of Tajweed and Qiraat. This article has been written using the modern research style on the science of Tajweed , the science of Recitation (Qiraat) and a brief description about the founders of these sciences who offered their services to compile and organize these valuable sciences.