ENGLISH: The Teachings of the Holy Prophet ﷺ: Peace, Co-existence and Reconciliation
In the current age, the world has turned into a multi-ethic and multi-religious planet where different communities live side by side. The incident of 9/11 has escalated the conflicts between Muslim and non-Muslim communities, especially the Muslims are the victim of Islamophobia. In the given context, some groups started an armed struggle against the oppression in the name of Islam. As the backdrop of this reaction, western media have started stereotypical propaganda against the Islamic belief system and Ideology. It is commonly believed that Islam is against modern progress and personal freedom. On the other hand, some extremist non-Muslim individuals and organizations have increased the religious and political temperature by carrying acts like the publication of the Prophet’s ﷺ caricatures, New Zealand massive killings, burning of the holy Quran in Norway etc. So, in this article, it has been discussed in detail that only the teachings of the Prophet ﷺ and his practical model of the state of Medina provide the solid guidelines to create peace, reconciliation and the true spirit of co-existence among pluralistic societies. However, the teachings of the Prophet ﷺ propose guiding principles to establish an ideal society where both Muslims and non-Muslims exercise their civil and religious rights. This article deals with concepts such as peace, coexistence and reconciliation between Muslims and non-Muslims in the context of the strategies of the Prophet Muhammad. In Medina, citizenship and equal rights were recognized for all peoples, regardless of religious beliefs or practices. Covenants of the Prophet Muhammad are used with non-Muslims as an analytical framework which can be used to create an acceptable narrative for democratic partnership among Muslims and non-Muslims.