ENGLISH: Western Colonization or Institutionalism? Exploring the Reason behind the Socio-Economic Problems of the Muslim World in the 21st Century
The present study is an attempt to explore the reasons behind the socio-economic problems of the Muslim world since 9/11 incident. It draws upon the theoretical framework of Ahmet T. Kuru who is an independent Turkish Islamic scholar. Kuru asserts that issues of underdevelopment, viciousness and dictatorship in the Muslim world Since 9/11, have pulled in much consideration in the world of academics and media. It has been observed that about 66% of the entire wars happened in the major Muslim countries. Besides, in 2009, around 33% of all minor military clashes occurred in countries with major Muslim population. As indicated by the “United States-based think-tank Freedom House, in 2013, less than one-fifth of 49 Muslim countries were democracies, whereas three-fifths of the world’s 195 countries were classified as democracies” (Freedom in the world, 2013). Human development and economic performance of the countries with major Muslim population has not performed well in areas for instance, life expectancy, teaching, schooling and net public pay per capita. Using the theoretical underpinnings of Kuru, this paper follows a qualitative research design with a descriptive, exploratory and interpretive approach using content analysis as a method to trace the historical trajectory of the Muslim intellectuals and merchants who truly worked for the cause of religion and kept themselves away from politics. The findings of the study indicate that the prevailing decline of the Muslim world is due to the emergence of the Ulema-State alliance which has join its hands with the military state and solely work for the national interest. The paper comes up with the recommendations that there is a need of real Muslim intellectuals and the revival of old Islamic system which can reform and enlighten the lost splendor of the Muslim world.