قرون وسطی میں مصر سے ملتان تک قرامطہ کےسیاسی ومذہبی اثرات

Political and Religious effects of Qramatha, Egypt to Multan in the middle Ages

  • Suhail Akhter Ghazi University, Dera Ghazi Khan
  • Dr. Abdul Razzaq Ghazi University, Dera Ghazi Khan
Keywords: Khilafate, sectarian, Qramtah, Islamic state

Abstract

With the decline of strong Muslim Khilafate various sectarian based movements proved a serious danger for the Muslim world. Qramtah movement was most famous among them. During the latter period of Abbassid Khila-fate, Qaramtah appeared very strongly. They had a strong hold in different part of Islamic state. Bahrin was their strong head quarter and then they spread all around in state especially in rural areas. They defeated a large and powerful army of Khalifa with a small army severl time.Qramtah killed a millions of innocent Muslims. They captured Makkah and disgrced “Bait Ullah” and banned Hajj for almost 20 years. They propagated their philosophy and beliefs in all over the Muslim world by force. Qramtah also established a strong government in Multan after the departure of Muhammad bin Qasim. Jalam bin Shaban was a famous Qramtian ruler of Multan In 1004 A.D. when Mehmood Ghaznavi came in Multan at that time Abul Fatih Dawud Qramti was the ruler of Multan Mehmood arrested him and destroyed the power of Qramtah in Multan. Qramtah continued serious unrest in Islamic world for four centuries.This movement effected badly the Muslim world and they have become politically weak against their political rival Christianity.    

Author Biographies

Suhail Akhter, Ghazi University, Dera Ghazi Khan

Lecturer in History

Dr. Abdul Razzaq, Ghazi University, Dera Ghazi Khan

Lecturer Islamic Studies

Published
2017-12-30
How to Cite
Suhail Akhter, & Dr. Abdul Razzaq. (2017). قرون وسطی میں مصر سے ملتان تک قرامطہ کےسیاسی ومذہبی اثرات: Political and Religious effects of Qramatha, Egypt to Multan in the middle Ages. Rahat-Ul-Quloob, 1(2), 107-132. https://doi.org/10.51411/rahat.1.2.2017.17