Pak-Afghan Relations Post 9/11: Amarat Islami Afghanistan and Afghan Peace Agreement and its Problems

  • Abdul Sadiq Khan University of Balochistan
  • Dr. Muhammad Usman Tobawal University of Balochistan, Quetta.
Keywords: Afghanistan, Pakistan, Peace Process , Taliban , South Asia


Pakistan is the most imperative neighbor for peaceful Afghanistan and the relationship between both countries is based on complex national understanding of regional threat perception. The analytical investigation of the Pak-Afghan engagement with respect to Afghan War represents that Pakistan impulsively calculated its strategic objectives under the influence of an urge to make an alliance against Indian hegemony in South Asia. Whereas, New Delhi’s primary target in Kabul was to stop Islamabad in coagulating a mutual block of Taliban that would be important to Pakistan at the time of crisis with India. The risk of prospective military assistance from Taliban to Kashmiri separatists was determined strategically by India. Recently, Indian Consulates in Afghanistan has coherently operated under the influence of infamous Ajit Doval Doctrine, to build an insurgency in Pakistan that focuses primarily on Pakistan's inner disruption by cross-border fighting, civilian targeting and proxy war. New Delhi is lobbying in Washington to enhance its diplomatic influence in Afghanistan and also bilaterally engaging with Afghan government to create favorable circumstances through its intelligence networks. After the U.S. attack on Afghanistan, India has founded a great opportunity to minimize Pakistan's strategically role in Afghanistan. The Taliban may eventually agree to dichotomy of power, but they are uncertain about their rigidly undemocratic leadership attitude. A two-level mode of governance is therefore likely to be included in the potential future political system of Afghanistan.

Author Biography

Dr. Muhammad Usman Tobawal , University of Balochistan, Quetta.

Director, Pakistan Study Center