rahatulquloob http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat <p><iframe src="https://rahatulquloob.com/" width="100%" height="3050"> </iframe></p> Rahat-ul-Quloob Research Academy, Quetta en-US rahatulquloob 2520-5021 Pakistan as Ideological Islamic state and relations with China: Historical Perspective http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/266 <p><em>The study examines China-Pakistan relations in historical perspective. Pakistan was founded on the basis of the ideology of Islam. The Islamic Republic of Pakistan has emerged as China’s closest ally. Pakistan and China got independence after much bloodshed and sacrifices. Chinese adhered to the communist ideology which is opposed to capitalism, while Pakistan followed Islamic principles. Despite having two different and contradictory ideologies, China and Pakistan are not inhibited by barriers to social and cultural differences. The bilateral relations between China and Pakistan gradually grow due to strategic gains for either country overshadowing the cultural and social hindrances and ideological differences. The mutual interest made them all weather friends. Mutual diplomatic interests and pressing regional and international politics brought Islamabad and Beijing adjacent to one another to resolve their issues amicably. So, both countries started to cooperate on the diplomatic front. Pakistan extended its support on each diplomatic front and desisted from intrusive in the internal affairs of China who to is not without problems. China too was in need of a friend and good neighbor in the long struggle of international politics.</em></p> Dr. Allauddin Kakar Dr. Babrak Niaz Prof. Dr. Kaleemullah Barech Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-01-01 2021-01-01 01 12 10.51411/rahat.5.1.2021/266 The Challenges Faced by the Muslims During Corona Virus Pandemic: Creating Harmony between Precaution and Reliance on God http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/269 <p>The present paper is an attempt to explore the challenges faced by the Muslims during Corona Virus Pandemic. This Virus originated from Wuhan China and now it has turned out to be a global pandemic. The major current studies conducted on Covid-19 are either related to its impact on global economy or its impact on education system. To date back, there is a dearth of study regarding the impacts of COVID-19 on Muslims faith all around the world.&nbsp; This paper fills in this gap and explores the Islamic perspectives of dealing any pandemic. The discussion concludes that Islam long before gave methods of cleanliness, quarantine and self-protection which are now being proven by the scientific research.</p> Dr. Saman Salah Nazir Ahmed Kasi Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-01-01 2021-01-01 13 18 10.51411/rahat.5.1.2021/269 The legality of Artificial sex change in Islamic perspective http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/146 <p>Humans and diseases are related to each other since the creation. With the passage of time, humans were able to overcome different diseases. But still, they could not find out the solution for those people who were born in wrong bodies. The progress of medical science ultimately enabled them to restore their originality through corrective surgery or sex reassignment surgery. But soon this was also misused like the other researches by opportunists. The people who were healthy and have developed sexual organs got their sex change artificially without knowing the religious aspects. This article will highlight the Islamic aspects of artificial sex change surgery.</p> Dr. Muhammad Yaseen Dr. Muhammad Shahid Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-01-01 2021-01-01 19 26 10.51411/rahat.5.1.2021/146 Towards Renaissance of Islam After 9/11, An Analysis of Mohsin Ahmad’s A Reluctant Fundamentalist http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/190 <p><em>The political and theological scenes took a drastic change in the Muslim Ummah of Asia and to some extent in Europe and America after the September 11, 2001 attacks on the twin towers. It seriously affected the Muslims populated regions and the Diasporas stretching from East to West (Solomn, 2007)<a href="#_edn1" name="_ednref1"><strong>[i]</strong></a>. Apparently, Islam faced many threats from the secular West in the form of socio-political sanctions. However, this catastrophic incident also ignited in Muslims to review their Muslims identity and to launch an organized effort to establish the real identity of Islam. The undertaken investigation is an attempt in this regard that how the protagonist Changez in Mohsin Ahmad’s&nbsp; “Reluctant Fundamentalist” shapes into a Islamic fundamentalist after 9/11 attacks and&nbsp; comes back to Pakistan although he was a having a promising career in America that time.&nbsp;</em><a href="#_ednref1" name="_edn1"></a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Dr. Abrar Hussain Qureshi Dr. Hafiz Muhammad Ajmal Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-01-01 2021-01-01 27 32 10.51411/rahat.5.1.2021/190 Depiction of Hazrat Adam (A.S) in the Poetry of Rehman Baba http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/290 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p><em>Rehman Baba is considered a famous folk poet of Pashto. His poetry is mystic rather universal. The messages his poetic verses convey are universal as well as local. The locals and the foreigners, having comprehension of his poetic creations, entertain humanistic love and attachment with him. He is loved particularly amongst Pashtuns because his poetry is written in Pashto language.</em><em> The Pashtuns without the any bias of age and gender entertain love and devotion to his poetry. His poetry has depicted the soul and body of the Pashtun’s culture. That’s why, most of his poetry has taken the shape of proverbs amongst Pashtun. Talmeeh refers to</em><em> the historical, political, ethical and religious events or the Quranic injunctions and prophetic sayings.&nbsp; Poetry of Rehmana Baba is abundant in religious Talmeehat. He has depicted Hazrat Adam (A.S) in his poetic creation on various places. There is a strong need to analyze it. This paper examines and analyzes the religious Talmeehat focusing particulary related to Hazrat Adam (A.S).</em></p> Dr. Noor Muhammad Danish Bettani Dr. Ishfaq Ali Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-01-01 2021-01-01 33 39 10.51411/rahat.5.1.2021/290 The honor and respect of Women: A comparative study based on Quran o Sunnah and current practices in Pakistan http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/192 <p>Islam honors both men and women and assigns several rights and duties on both of them. These rights and duties are based on their physique and nature for a proper family setup and peaceful society. In fact, it is the great initiative of Islam that it has banned female infanticide. Similarly, it is not important that Islam allows them to get education but it is their duty to get education. In addition, proper nourishment, health and security are among basic rights of women. Above all, she is the very first school to train and educate future’s leaders. However, as the current practices of some Muslims are different from the glorious principles of Quran o Sunnah that’s why there is doubt in some minds regarding the honor and respect of women in Islam. To clarify this doubt, there are several verses in Holy Quran which show their honor and dignity. Similarly, the sayings and practices of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) are enough to respectfully deal with women either they are mothers, sisters, daughters or wives. The only issue is, to implement these injunctions and to practice them in the society.</p> Dr. Gulnaz Naeem Sadia Mahvish Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-01-02 2021-01-02 40 46 10.51411/rahat.5.1.2021/192 Contributions and Criticism of Western Scholars on Islamic inheritance (An Analytical Study) http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/242 <p>In this paper, the criticisms and contributions of Western Scholars and their impacts on society have been discussed. To study the civilization‘s heritage, history, language, literature, fine arts, sciences, and sociology, of the people of East, by the westerns, is called Orientalism. In the ancient Arabic dictionary, the term “orientalism” is not present. In Europe, after the Renaissance, to introduce the East in the West, and to point out the expected interests of the West in the East, the Western Scholars performed their duty elegantly.&nbsp; All of the ancient and modern western scholars wrote about the Holy Qur‘an, and almost all of them neglected its present order and tried to determine the order of revelation of Qur’anic verses according to their own mind. Torrey of Yale spent his whole life to find out contradictions in the book of God. Bell of Edinburgh applied the rules of higher criticism on Qur’anic injunctions. Many other orientalists as Arthur Jeffery, A.T.Welch, J.D.Pearson, Montgomery Watt and Karen Armstrong are also written about the Qur’an and biography of the prophet (PBUH). Western scholars also have a great role in denouncing the history of Islam. It is the need of the era to go through their literary efforts to explore their objectives and outcomes. It is also essential to study their struggle to prove about their right and wrong points. At a time, the Orientalists gained popularity among all schools of thought of different religions. This study is necessary and beneficial for all students, teachers and research scholars of every field of life.</p> Dr. Farhat Aziz Muhammad Yousuf Yaqoob Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-01-02 2021-01-02 47 58 10.51411/rahat.5.1.2021/242 Hajj 2013: The Western Media Discourses http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/141 <p>Hajj is the fifth pillar of Islam and is the largest religious gathering on the globe. Every year, over two million Muslims make their way to Mecca to perform Hajj. The current study attempted to explore the themes that were dominant in the print media discourses of United Kingdom and United States about holy event Hajj. The study also tried to find out that how the Western print media constructed the identity of Muslims holy event. The qualitative discourse analysis has been used as a research design for this study. The two UK English dailies i.e. <em>Daily Mail</em> and <em>The Guardian,</em> and one online news publication <em>IBTimes</em> while two US English dailies i.e. <em>Los Angeles Times</em> and <em>USA Today, </em>and one online publication <em>Huff Post</em> have been selected for this purpose. A total of 20 news items from the year 2013 have been selected for the analysis. The results indicated that there was no significant difference in the assortment of themes by print media of UK and US. The Western media used the discourses of sectarianism and terrorism, and also highlighted the issues of Muslim sects. The results also revealed that the Western newspapers presented the importance of Hajj, but they also associated the gathering of Muslims with fears and threats.</p> Sidra Shahid Nauman Sial Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-01-04 2021-01-04 59 72 10.51411/rahat.5.1.2021/141 ENGLISH: Islamic View on Right to Equal Opportunity to Work for Female Ex-Offenders and Pakistan's International Obligation for Provision of Equal Opportunities for Work http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/267 <p>&nbsp;Women in Muslim society faces obstacles to get employment since it is generally assumed that Islam does not allow women to work as their responsibility is to be shouldered by men. This misapprehension leads to issue of gender discrimination in employment and situation get further worse when women hold criminal record. Therefore this paper sheds lights on Islamic view of gender equality while taking into consideration the natural difference exist between man and woman. Then the study aims to discuss that Shariah recognizes human rights of women in Islam and allows women to work as there is no explicit Quranic verse or tradition which ban jobs of women. The article further elaborates that women with previous criminal record are abandoned by the society and their families which further substantiate their right of to get employment in order to meet their ends. The article further encompasses discussion of conflicting interest of ex-offender women and society and how the same can be settled with harmony while applying principles of Islamic jurisprudence. &nbsp;The article has referred verses of the Qur’an, Sunnah of the Prophet (S.A.W.) practices of caliphs⁎ and opinion of Muslim jurists to enrich the legal analysis. The articles also encompasses Pakistan’s international obligation for provision of equal opportunities to work for all without discrimination to give an insight about basis to claim right to work for female offenders.</p> Abida Sikander Khan Prof. Dr. Farkhanda Zia Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-03-06 2021-03-06 73 87 10.51411/rahat.5.1.2021/267 ENGLISH: Islamic Concept of Tribal Identity and Modern World; A Case of Pakistan http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/294 <p>Islam is a universal religion and it educated his followers that they all are equal as human being because no one is superior on the basis of color, creed, caste or blood. They all are the son of Adam and that’s why the standard of superiority is only based on piety. Before the dispensation of Islam the Arabs were divided in different tribes and the used their genealogical position and felt pride on it. Every tribe was famous due to tribal nobility and tribal strength considered as their political power. All the tribes used sword to solve the political disputes and wanted to set their tribal supremacy. The battle of <em>Bassos</em> and <em>Fujar</em> are famous for tribal supremacy. But Islam changed this concept and turned them into civilized nation. Islam declared that tribe is not factor of supremacy or superiority rather than identity of the people. This paper highlights the role of tribes as a factor of identity under the light of Islam and modern world especially when there is a concept of authoritarian democracy.</p> Sohail Akhtar Prof Dr Muhammad Shafique Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-03-06 2021-03-06 88 95 10.51411/rahat.5.1.2021/294 ENGLISH: Islamic Jurisprudence and Geneva Convention: Searching Compatibility for Women Worriers’ Rights http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/315 <p>This research paper evaluates the Islamic values vis-a-vis Geneva Convention concerning the rights of women warriors as prisoners of war by the victorious country. The discussion is to discover the similarities and differences between the two areas on the subject. This study focuses the probability of combining these two separate areas but common in objectivity. The Islamic law protects the women from the scourges of war in a number of ways. Similarly, the Geneva Convention also tries to protect the women as prisoners of war. This study concerns the main research question as to whether there may be the compatibility between Islamic and Geneva Convention law for developing a common code on the issue of rights of women worriers. The objective of the study undertaken is to develop a common code through reconciliation between these two separate regulations for conducting war, and ensuring the upholding of human dignity of female worriers. This will complement the existing knowledge on the issue as a guideline for all concerned in the context of International Humanitarian Law.</p> Dr. Barkat Ali Dr. Muhammad Saeed Sheikh Dr. Muhammad Sohail Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-03-08 2021-03-08 96 105 10.51411/rahat.5.1.2021/315 URDU: حرام اورمسئلہ تملیک و تصدق: شرعی و تحقیقی جائزہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/133 <p>Majority of sharia scholars are of the opinion that in voluntary charity (sadaqa naafila) transfer of ownership and possession of the needy and poor on the charity is not stipulated, while in obligatory charity (sadaqa waajiba) like zakat, fidya of prayer and fasting it is considered that (<em>tamleek</em> <em>ul faqeer</em>) transfer of ownership and possession of the needy is compulsory and it could not be spent in social welfare activities. Keeping in view the condition of “<em>Tamleek ul faqeer</em>”, anything which comes in the ownership of a person from invalid sources (<em>maal e haraam</em>) also falls in this category, as it is also obligatory to be given in charity. However the question arises whether the condition of transfer of ownership and possession of the needy should be applied in <em>maal-e-haraam</em> like <em>Sadaqaat-e-wajiba </em>or it is allowed to spend the amount in social welfare activities without possession.</p> <p>In this paper, after presenting the view points of classical scholars regarding different types of maal, maal-e-haram and where this kind of wealth shall be spent, the issue of possession is also examined in obligatory charity and maal-e-haraam. It is suggested that categories of obligatory charity be differentiated in terms of possession, as the nature and sources of each kind is different and the condition of ownership and possession may not be applied on the charity of invalid income and this kind of wealth may be allowed to be given in social welfare activities without <em>tamleek ul faqeer</em>.</p> Dr. Muhammad Mushtaq Ahmed Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-01-04 2021-01-04 01 12 10.51411/rahat.5.1.2021/133 URDU: صحابہ کرام کا باہمی تنازعات میں حدیث رسول ملنے پرطرز عمل http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/182 <p>Allah Almighty revealed the Qur’an to His chosen Prophet Muhammad (PBUH),who properly explained and elaborated it. Without the required explanations and illustrations given by the Prophet(PBUH), the Qur’an may be misunderstood and misinterpreted by people. The Companions of Prophet(PBUH) knew that all the sayings, deeds, and revelations of Prophet(PBUH) come from Allah Almighty and these are totally religion. They consider it obligatory to follow the Sunnah and communicate what they heard to those who did not hear it. None of the Companions intentionally abandoned the Hadith of the Prophet (PBUH). Particularly they adopt Hadith when they differ in any issue and they didn’t hesitate to change their opinions for the Prophetic traditions.</p> Dr Mati ur Rehman Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-01-04 2021-01-04 13 24 10.51411/rahat.5.1.2021/182 URDU: نعمۃ الباری شرح صحیح البخاری کے منہج و اسلوب کا تجزیاتی جائزہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/321 <p>Allah has created so many personalities in every era who took the responsibility to lead the Muslim Ummah wholeheartedly. Allama Ghulam saeedi is one of them. Whose all writings are consist of scientific discussions and they are according to the principles of latest and modern research. It becomes very clear from the pattern and style of Naimat ul Bari fi Sharhe Sahih Bukhari that his writing is not only comprehensible and very simple but also holds lot of scientific topics between the lines. It is the quality of his style that he presents lot of arguments on every topic before the reader that the reader finds no doubt and further quest and inquiry of any type. He has adopted a researching style. His described references are so complete and accurate that a reader can get very easy access &nbsp;to their origins. The abundance of references used by him reveals his vast study and keen interest in study the origins. It is his specialty to keep an eye on originalsand read between the lines. This thing defines the place of a researcher in the literary world. His references are in abundance, verified and trustworthy which covers the knowledge of ancient and modern science.This book is extremely distinguished as for as the method and style are concerned.</p> Abbas Ali Dr. Muhammad Akram Wirk Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-01-04 2021-01-04 25 42 10.51411/rahat.5.1.2021/321 URDU: اہل کتاب سے اخذِ روایات کےاصول و حدود۔۔۔ایک تحقیقی مطالعہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/186 <p>Disciples of Islamic Sciences especially of Hadith and Seerah bestow a significant value to the primary rules for acceptance and rejection. Scholars and Debaters vary regarding to their specific view of said topic. Another question arises whether the Traditions reported by the Believers (Ahl-e-Kitab) should be accepted or not. Moreover, if the said notion is acknowledged, what would be its legal value? The foremost thing which is explained is to evaluate the parameters of "Believers". No doubt Jews and Christian come up the very touchstone of said evaluation. Besides, Sabyeen, Magus and some sundry groups line up the said evaluation. Secondly, in the context of acceptance and rejection of the traditions of Believers and Non-believers, the viewpoint of Quran o Sunnah, the Mohadasin, Religious scholars and debaters has been explored. In this paper, all aspects regarding above discussion will elaborate.</p> Tariq Mehmood Prof. Dr. Muhammad Abdullah Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-01-04 2021-01-04 43 58 10.51411/rahat.5.1.2021/186 URDU: ڈاکٹر عبدالرحمن عبّد کی نعتیہ شاعری میں حضور سرور کونین صلی اللہ علیہ و سلم کی سراپا نگاری http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/135 <p>The relationship of “Sarapa nigari”in &nbsp;Naat has been associated with Muhammad SAW. This topic has been beautifully maintained from the period of “Sahaba –Karam “to the period of present poets.The heart and eyes of the poets of Azad Jammu and Kashmir have been sparkled by the “Sarapa nigari”of&nbsp; Hazrat Muhammad SAW. Prominent one out of these poets is Dr .Abdul Rahman abd. Abdul Rahman abd described the complete “Sarapa of Hazrat&nbsp;&nbsp; Mohammad SAW in his Naatia poetry, and he described it in such a beautiful way that his affection and deep association with “Naatia poetry” clearly Reveal.</p> Muhammad Yousaf Dr Muhammad Altaf Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-01-06 2021-01-06 59 64 10.51411/rahat.5.1.2021/135 URDU: معاشرتی امن وامان عصر حاضر کی اولین ضرورت (پہلی صدی ہجری کی مسلم خواتین کےعملی کردار کے تناظر میں) http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/280 <p>The journey of humanity has begun with a man and a woman. Their descendants also spread from them. Woman breeds the human race with her blood while children's care, home management, preparation of food and clothes have been remained in her duties. Animals hunting and trade have always been done by man because he is forceful. But this difference of the strength between them had become the standard of honor and humility in past history. Therefore, he has given high status but due to her weakness, the status of the woman was considered very low. So, from the ancient times man has also deprived her for the basic rights, from which every human being must possess. Peace is the alternate name of security. Thus a prosperous human society comes into existence where there is a clear and mutually harmonious relationship among entire its people. The feminist part is called a spinal cord of society, if they come forward in this field to improve the work of reform, unite each other with the concept of every correction, the destination of our society will be reversed. And then, in reality, the society will become a practical model of peace. Hence it can be called a reformed and welfare community. In this article, problems relating to Muslim women in peace and reform in Pakistan will be discussed in the light of Quran and Sunnah. Its detail can be seen in internal pages.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Muhammad Majid Khan Prof. Dr. Muhammad Idrees Lodhi Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-01-15 2021-01-15 65 72 10.51411/rahat.5.1.2021/280 URDU: فلسفہ جبرو قدر کی قرآنی حیثیت http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/340 <p>The concept of fate luck and destiny, the philosophy of Jabr-O-Qadar in other words the philosophy of destiny remained very significant and to some extent a controversial subject of debate among the muslim thinkers, writers and philosophers in particular and it remained a hot subject of discussion among the world intelligentsia as a general as well. A number of schools of thought along with individual scholars approached that particular subject with their own specific ideas and interpretations by presenting their logic, evidences and explanations having the fact that all referred the Holly Quran as a fundamental source of inspiration. It has also been explained that to what extent the humanity may depend on its free will and despite of the Almighty Allah's decision of destiny for the human being. What a person can do with his free will in this world and what he can't do. What is the real status of luck and fate and what is the true sprits of the concept of destiny in the context of Quranic verses and to what extent the various Islamic schools of thought represent the true Quranic spirits. To explain and elaborate all these concepts the Quranic verses have been given and analyzed in this paper.</p> Dr. Muhammad Hanif Dr. Javed Iqbal Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-01-17 2021-01-17 73 86 10.51411/rahat.5.1.2021/340 URDU: مولاناشاہ حکیم محمداختر ؒ(سلسلہ اختریہ ) کی مشہورکتب ومواعظ کاتعارفی جائزہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/143 <p>Molana Hakim Muhammad Akhter was born in 1923 in village Atheha in the District of Pratapgarh province Uter Pardesh (UP) India. He got his religious education from his saint Molana Abdul Ghani Pholpuri in Madarasa Bait-ul-Aloom which is located at Sarai Meer district Azam Ghar India and after this he, got Medical Education from Tibbia College Allahabad. He was a Sufi, a great scholar, acknowledged writer and a kind reformer. Molana Muhammad Akhter was the founder of Silsla e Akhrtaria. (Religious and Spiritual genealogy) He also set up a Madrasa Asharaf ul Madaris and Khankah Imdadia Ashrafia in Karachi. Number of his followers and scholars are his disciple who got the knowledge of Sharia (Islamic laws) Tariqat (mystic ways of life). Moreover, he established a NGO “Al-Akhtar trust International” in 2001 for the well_being of humanity. As in the present scenario, our society is carried by nominal Islamic practices and trends, thus in this regard Shah Hakim Muhammad Akhter came forward to root out these types of evils from the society through the succession of Silsa e Akhatria. He wrote down various Islamic books which were translated in Arabic, Urdu, and Garman&amp; English language. So books of Molana Hakim Muhammad Akhter are not only famous in Pakistan but also in India, South Africa, France, Saudi Arabia, Bangladesh, Barma and in other countries of the world. However, the main objective of this article is to take a review of the introduction of highly noted and leading books and Exhortation of Molana Hakim Muhammad Akhtar (Silsila e Akhtaria) and bring forth the prominent features of them.</p> Waleed Khan Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-01-17 2021-01-17 87 94 10.51411/rahat.5.1.2021/143 URDU: امام مالکؒ کا ’’الموطأ‘‘ میں اصولِ اخذوتحدیث کا منہج http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/282 <p>Allah Almighty has created man and also guided for him the way to which he will lead. This leading guidance has been substantiated in two categories: Quran and Hadith. Whereas Quran is the Divine word of Allah Almighty, hadith is the practical implementation of the life of Holy Prophet SAW. The compilation of hadith has been started since the life of Holy Prophet SAW. Various companions of&nbsp; Holy &nbsp;Prophet SAW played their pivotal role to compile this sacred segment of Divine revelation. Among those companions: Hazrat Abu Hurairah R.A., Hazrat Ayesha, Hazrat Abdullah bin Umer,&nbsp; Hazrat Abdullah bin Masood R.A. are the prominent fiqures who compiled their own&nbsp; scriptures of Hadith. Like other companions of Holy Prophet SAW, This tradition continued among the descendants of Abdullah bin Umer R.A; Imam Zuhri and after him, his pupil, Imam Malik bin Anas. In the evolution of compilation of hadith, Imam Malik is one of the first compilers of hadith who compiled his book “Muwatta.” This very book contains Musnad hadith, ٖFqhi Issues and the derived issues from these hadith(s) in abundance. Having the nearest era to the age of Holy Prophet and companions of Holy Prophet SAW, this very book is also titled as the authentic one. The present research paper will highlight various components of Muwatta in comprehensive way with detailed connotations. &nbsp;</p> Dr. Hafiz Masood Qasim Dr. Abdul Ghaffar Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-03-03 2021-03-03 95 108 10.51411/rahat.5.1.2021/282 URDU: عصر حاضر میں اسلام کے تصور ولایت کی اہمیت و ضرورت http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/338 <p>According to Islamic Jurisprudence, one of the most important requirements for a sound marriage is the total agreement of the woman under the guardianship of her father or any other mahram relative. In case of none, the ruler or the judge assume to be a guardian or Wali of a woman. A guardian or Wali is responsible for the selection of the righteous person for the woman and assures the protection and welfare of her Rights and interests. He has the authority to reject and refuse the proposal if the suitor did not deem a sound and sincere match. A marriage without a guardian is considered unlawful, as there is no concept of love affairs and courtship without a guardian in Islam. The guardian evaluates the religious, social and economic compatibility of the couple, while on the other hand a woman selects the spouse on physical attraction and romantic notion which vanishes out soon as the real life starts causing potential problems in relationship. That why Islam lays down principle and law of wilayat for a lady to protect her interests and rights and consider to be a shield and safeguard for her welfare in future marital life.</p> Dr. Ambreen Atiq Dr. Abu Sufyan Qazi Furqan Ahmad Dr. Khawaja Saif ur Rehman Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-03-04 2021-03-04 109 120 10.51411/rahat.5.1.2021/338 URDU: شریعت اسلامیہ کی روشنی میں مسلم ـ مسیحی معاشرتی تسامح :واقعہ گوجرہ(2009ء)کے محرکات کا تنقیدی جائزہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/164 <p>This paper highlights the interpretation of Shariah from the viewpoint of community’s need or interests for coexistence of Christians and Muslims in a society. A case study of Gojra incident is presented with lessons learnt from this event. History witness’s coexistence of Christians and Muslims since existence of both religions. Therefore, coexistence refers to divine as well as prophetic directions and reflects to living followers with multiple socio-cultural societies of the world. Religion is often considered as a reason of conflict and has been a major driving factor of several past and current tensions among the Christian-Muslim societies. This ultimately spreads tensions in the entire community and pollutes its environment. However, religion escorts integrity in a society by establishing peace and reconciliation procedure. With the passage of time, violence under the umbrella of holy causes is gradually rising. Slaughtering in the name of God is a primary driver of violent conflicts nowadays. Same situation exists in Christian and Muslim communities in Muslim majority countries especially in Pakistan. The mentioned factors flame the conflicts among Christians-Muslims like at Gojra, Pakistan. This tragic incident took lives of seven Christians and injured 20. Moreover, more than 75 Christian houses were burnt by patrol or chemical.&nbsp; This research is intended to investigate many key questions associated with this incident to address this event in a more scientific and professional manner.</p> Dr. Muhammad Ajmal Farooq Dr Ihsan Ullah Chishti Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-03-04 2021-03-04 121 134 10.51411/rahat.5.1.2021/164 URDU: السنة التركيةکا تعارف وحجیت،ایک تحقیقی جائزہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/243 <p>In this study, we will discuss the things omitted by the Prophet ﷺ and which he didn’t do. Such things are called: The Stalling Path (Al-Sunnah Al-Tarkiah) provided that all the necessary conditions are present. This research aims to address the categories of what may be “Stalling” and which may not. This research also explain the ruling on following the Prophet’s stalling path and the implications of doing or not doing so. The researcher uses a descriptive approach to reach the goal of this research. In this study, the researcher found that for considering what the Prophet ﷺ didn’t do to be acceptable to do, it is necessary to provide six conditions. So, in this paper the researches points out what is recommended to follow and what may be left. If all necessary conditions are fulfilled, the status to follow these Sunan are same as other sayings and actions of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. The commands and prohibitions of Prophet ﷺ can’t be understood without the clear concept of “Al-Sunnah Al-Tarkiah” and “Al-sunnh Al Failia”. Therefore the knowledge of both these sunan is necessary and no one cannot be neglected. Therefore it is necessary to present the introduction of “Al-Sunnah Al-Tarkiah”.</p> Muhammad Usman Khalid Dr. Muhammad Shahbaz Hassan Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-03-04 2021-03-04 135 150 10.51411/rahat.5.1.2021/243 URDU: احادیث سبعہ قراءات کی توضیح و تشریح سبب و رود کی روشنی میں http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/297 <p>The Holy Quran is a basic and main source of enlightenment from Allah which demands that it provide to reader its guidance easily. The first of all and basic source of gaining of guidance is the reading of Holy Quran because of understanding of meanings depend on the readingof words and its correct pronunciating so it has been revealed in at least sevenways of reading (Qiraat) by its <u>horbourer</u> (Allah) and which are called “Saba Qiraat”. These Qiraat help their reader in reading and understanding the verses of Holy Quran easily. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) narrated in his Ahadith their legality but he actuated the readers about them and these ahadith could be understood in the light of their reason of arriving (Asbab-e-warood). So in it article will be explained there Ahadith in the light of its reasons of arriving (Asbab-e-warood)</p> Dr. Muhammad Ramzan Najam Barvi Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-03-04 2021-03-04 151 160 10.51411/rahat.5.1.2021/297 URDU: علاج معالجے کے سلسلے میں خواتین کو درپیش مشکلات ومسائل اوران کاحل (اسلامی تعلیمات کی روشنی میں) http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/339 <p>Since diseases have been a part of human life, Islam has also prescribed cures for various diseases, as stated by the Prophet: "Allah Almighty has not revealed any such disease, but He has also revealed its cure." In a healthy society and in order to perform one's duties effectively in the family affairs, it is very important for the women to be healthy. Therefore, the Shari'ah has laid great emphasis on the treatment and cure of women, because there are different types of diseases, but there are some diseases that are specific only to them, these diseases cause physical and psychological changes in women. The slightest omission and carelessness in the meanwhile gives rise to many dangerous diseases and not only that, but it also affects their worship. Some of these diseases are as: Menstruation, postpartum, istihaza, licorice, pregnancy diseases, infertility, contraception, abortion, etc. Apart from the specific diseases mentioned above, women may face many difficulties in the treatment of common ailments. In view of these difficulties, Islam has given clear injunctions. There are also clear guidelines for physicians treating women. The purpose of this article is to cover all of them.</p> Prof. Dr. Abdul Ali Achakzai Dr. Syed Bacha Agha Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-03-05 2021-03-05 161 176 10.51411/rahat.5.1.2021/339 URDU: جیل اور دارالامان میں شیر خوار بچے کے قیام کا مسئلہ: اسلامی تعلیمات کی روشنی میں تحقیقی جائزہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/304 <p>Women constitute over half of the world’s population, but they are deprived of their due rights. Illiteracy, poverty, domestic violence, poor health facility and the denial of their basic rights are the major problems facing by women in our society. When a woman left her home and seeks shelter at “Darul Aman” then she faces different kinds of problems e.g she deprives from every social and economic activity, education and freedom like other women at homes etc. Among these problems, one is the living of infants in prison and Darul Aman with her mother. &nbsp;Actually, suckling is the foremost obligation of the mother and if she does not feed her child without a valid reason, she will be sinner and she cannot present any demand of payment for suckling from her husband because it is her own duty. This research article consists of three parts: Basic factors responding for women to take shelter in Darul Aman. Problems concerning to the living of infants in prison and Darul Aman. Suggestions for the betterment of women’s living in prison and Darul Aman.</p> Fanoos Jamaal Dr. Hussain Muhammad Qarshi Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-03-05 2021-03-05 177 183 10.51411/rahat.5.1.2021/304 ARABIC: تغيير الفتوى بمقتضيات الزمان والمكان http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/291 <p>Islamic law, by having features in its principles that are fixed and variable, expresses its authority in any situation and time. Of course, this feature reflects the unique legislative miracle of Islam itself. The source of Islamic law is divine and heavenly, so it has always descended directly through the revelation of Allah Almighty, the Lord of the worlds, and has been arranged according to His wisdom and providence and has been considered in the context of time and place according to their nature and needs. Changing of a fatwa is the change of one rule in a specific issue to another one along with a Sharia cause that agrees with the aims and purposes of the Sharia. Therefore, there is no change in the prescribed rules and the fixed principles of Shari, but Ijtihad, Qiyas and expedient rules can be changed; Because there are many rulings that have been permitted for expediency, after the passage of time and the change of place have led to corruption, which again has become impermissible. The rule of fatwa changing has been valid in the Sharia; Because, on the one hand, the Companions and their followers have used it in their ijtihad fatwas, and on the other hand, Islamic jurisprudence is a developmental debate that progresses together with the caravan of life, no awareness of the demands of time, place and scientific development is synonymous with depriving the Islamic Ummah from virtues and facilities of life, so it is necessary that the change of the fatwa has to be compatible to the change of expediencies, otherwise it will lead to corruption and harm. Statement of the problem: The Islamic jurists have divided the Islamic rules into fixed and variable. This means that the prescribed laws, which are in harmony with meek nature, do not accept changes but the rules which are based on ijtihad can be changed. The discussion of changing the fatwa and its temporal and spatial factors is one of the important issues of jurisprudence that scholars have paid attention to and therefore the answer to these two questions is necessary for the researcher whether changing the fatwa is permissible? Are the requirements of time and place effective in its changing?</p> Dr. Abdul Wadood Abed Dr. Hedayatullah Modaqiq Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-03-04 2021-03-04 1 13 10.51411/rahat.5.1.2021/291 ARABIC: أدب المقــاومة في أقاليم توات جنوب الجزائر http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/181 <p>Arabic literature of resistance in general and Algerian in particular in its field championships and the good management of their proud leaders, inflamed many <em>Touwatia</em> feelings&nbsp; and interacted with them positively with many poems and creative texts, describing proud and sometimes inciting callers, and disaffected revenge from the scourge of injustice and occupation crimes at another time. The literature of resistance or political poetry in its broadest and most comprehensive sense is poetry that is organized in a matter of politics or governance, and it is in many forms, including national poetry that praises the glories of the nation, including the liberal poetry that has been associated with the emergence of resistance movements and liberation organizations in the Arab world against modern forms of colonialism, Thus, this type incites and calls for liberation from colonialism and accompanies these movements in its path. This literary paradigm has determined the fact that the poets of <em>Touwat</em> would not separate them from the concerns of their nation and the issues of their religion, the barrier of time and place or the rest of the other barriers, so they recorded their national presence with full pride and pride, and these texts were the best testimony of the impact of all of them on the course of the nation’s events, so they participated in providing them first, history is second to it, which reflects the culture of everyone and their follow-up to all historical events.</p> Prof Dr Ahmad Jaafri Dr. Muhammad Iqbal Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-03-05 2021-03-05 14 26 10.51411/rahat.5.1.2021/181 ARABIC: أسباب فسخ النکاح في القانون الباکستاني والفقہ الإسلامی: دراسۃ مقارنۃ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/347 <p>Marriage is a solemn covenant as mentioned in the Holy Qur’an. It is a union of spouses to live contentedly with respect and affection as directed. The ordeals in human life testify the strength of this bonding that often obstructs smoothness of this relation. If the continuation of the relationship seems impossible then Shariah directs spouses to separate their ways with equal dignity and respect. A husband may dissolve the marriage tie without assigning any reason and a wife can ask for khul‘. Sometimes, marriage is dissolved with mutual consent of the spouses and sometimes husband divorces without the intervention of the court. This paper aims to examine different ways of dissolution of marriage in Pakistani Law and Shariah. In light of Dissolution of Muslim Marriage Act 1939 this papers investigates the conditions of <em>faskh</em> in which either spouse may go to the court of law for dissolution of marriage. This paper analyses the grounds for dissolution of Muslim marriage in Pakistani Law and compares it with classical Islamic Law focusing on the opinions of Muslim Jurists.</p> Dr. Hafiz Muhammad Siddique Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-03-05 2021-03-05 27 37 10.51411/rahat.5.1.2021/347