Rahat-ul-Quloob http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat <p><iframe src="https://rahatulquloob.com/" width="100%" height="3050"> </iframe></p> Rahat-ul-Quloob Research Academy, Quetta en-US Rahat-ul-Quloob 2520-5021 ENGLISH: Traces of Advertising in the holy Quran and the Tradition of the holy Prophet (PBUH) and its Shariah Ruling http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/245 <p>Islam guides its followers in every field of life. It requires from Muslims to search solutions of emerging problems keeping in view the golden rules set by the Quran and the Sunnah. Advertising along with its recent ways is somehow a new phenomenon. This study aims to explore antecedences of advertising in the holy Quran and the Traditions of the holy Prophet. (May peace and mercy be upon him.) Firstly, the two meanings of advertising are mentioned, and the examples of both meanings are presented from the Quran, the Traditions of the holy Prophet (PBUH) and the life of one of the holy companions of the Prophet. Secondly shariah ruling of the advertising is discussed in the light of the sources of the shariah. Lastly the results of the study are stated that read: Keeping in view the cases of the advertising from the Traditions of the holy Prophet (PBUH) and bearing in mind importance and need of it in current times, it is clear that publishing ads and broadcasting them for the promotion of the goods or services is basically allowed unless something contradictory to Islam is added to it, like lies, deception, exaggeration, degrading of other’s goods and display of half naked women etc.</p> Shahab Naimat khan Dr Sahibzada Baz Muhammad Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-07-01 2021-07-01 01 10 10.51411/rahat.../245 ENGLISH: Child Labour and Education Perspective of International Law, Pakistani Law and Islamic Law (A Comparative Jurisprudential Approach) http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/258 <p>Education, of course, is allied with the child labour; where the increase of one is the decrease of other. Both, education and protection from child labour, are the basic rights of all children without any sort of discrimination. &nbsp;Contemporary literature shows drastic increase in child labour all over the world. All this is even in the presence of international conventions regarding child rights, specifically, the UNCRC 1989 – a legal document globally ratified. Owing to this fact, the international law, related to children rights, faces threat in this regard. Islamic Law, on the other hand, too, provides a comprehensive legal mechanism and structure for children rights. &nbsp;Comparatively to other legal spectrum, Islamic law is more effective in term of its jurisprudential approach to children rights. Pakistan, being an Islamic country,&nbsp; remained under the administrative control of the Great Britain and, therefore, follow a plural law – a mixture of Islamic and conventional law.&nbsp; This study, thus, probes the International Law, Islamic Law and Pakistani Law in connection to child education and child labour. &nbsp;&nbsp;Finding shows, with solid evidences, that Islamic law offers a comprehensive mechanism for children rights – protecting these both at strategic and operational levels.&nbsp; Content analysis technique, being an important research tool of qualitative method, has been followed for the investigation of the issue.</p> Lutf Ullah Usman Rafiq Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-07-01 2021-07-01 11 23 10.51411/rahat.5.2.2021/258 ENGLISH: Islamizing Pakistan: The concept of Islamic Constitution Theory and Practice http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/312 <p>Pakistan after independence faced many problems ranging from the settlement of refugees to the fragile economy and unsteady defence. One of the major issues was the framing of constitution as immediately after separation from India, Pakistan faced a severe challenge of unity. Pakistan was a diverse country with two geographically separated wings, different cultures, divergent languages and separate provinces. The Constituent Assembly which was set up under Indian Independence Act 1947 faced this huge responsibility to provide a document on which the country could be run. Regarding character of the state of Pakistan; the religio-political Parties, Jamiat Ulama-i-Islam (JUI) and Jamat-i-Islami (JI) argued that Pakistan means the land of pure; therefore, in order to bring purity, Pakistan should be made an Islamic state. In it, the affairs of the government should be run according to Quran and Sunnah. In this way the constitution of this newly created state of Muslims should be Islamic in its nature. The rationale put forward was twofold i.e. they (Muslims) achieved Pakistan in the name of Islam and Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, had promised that an Islamic system would be introduced in the newly established state. Secondly, according to them, Islam provides a complete code of life and it had laid basic principles in each aspect of life including the basic guidance for formulating an Islamic Constitution. This article deals with the theoretical and practical aspects of the Islamic Constitution propounded by the scholars of JUI, JI and comparative analysis has been drawn in this regard.</p> Muhammad Essa Dr. Ammanullah Khan Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-07-01 2021-07-01 24 39 10.51411/rahat.5.2.2021/312 ENGLISH: An Analysis of Significance of Sex Education under the Light of Islamic Teachings & Approaches http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/356 <p>Sex education is an important aspect of modern educational dynamics for a balanced society across the globe. As far as secular academics are concerned, there is conceptual and practical clarity about its provision with effect from particular grades in schools. Muslim societies have not yet designed their curriculum regarding it. This is the reason that the new generation is learning it from non-Islamic sources and spoiling their lives after taking part in forbidden way of sexual intercourse. In this study, the issue has been raised and discussed in detail in the light of the holy Quran and Hadith while the emphasis on the provision of sex education has been made so as to avoid unfair sexual practices in the Muslim societies including that of Pakistan. Sex educations at a global level, appropriate age of sex education, and attributes of the teacher of sex education have also been explained along with Islamic teachings regarding sexual affairs. Sex education is an important aspect of modern educational dynamics for a balanced society across the globe. As far as secular academics are concerned, there is conceptual and practical clarity about its provision with effect from particular grades in schools. Muslim societies have not yet designed their curriculum regarding it. This is the reason that the new generation is learning it from non-Islamic sources and spoiling their lives after taking part in forbidden way of sexual intercourse. In this study, the issue has been raised and discussed in detail in the light of the holy Quran and Hadith while the emphasis on the provision of sex education has been made so as to avoid unfair sexual practices in the Muslim societies including that of Pakistan. Sex educations at a global level, appropriate age of sex education, and attributes of the teacher of sex education have also been explained along with Islamic teachings regarding sexual affairs.</p> Sohaib ahmed Syed Adeel shah Mehmood Ahmed Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-07-01 2021-07-01 40 57 10.51411/rahat.5.2.2021/356 ENGLISH: An Analytical Study of the Modern Muslim Politics in the Light of the Moderate Political Policies of the Prophet (PBUH) http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/303 <p>This research aims to discuss the contemporary situation of modern Muslim politics in the light of the political vision of the Prophet (pbuh). It explores that contrary to the prevailing system of the world politics which was based on the religious and ethnic prides, injustice and class system, the Holy Prophet (pbuh) introduced the concept of &nbsp;moderate politics by establishing the principles of harmony, reconciliation and admiration of other religions that resulted in the economic prosperity and political stability of the whole nation. &nbsp;However, the contemporary Muslim world seems upset regarding its political policies and suffering from the issues of extremism, religious conflicts, sectarianism, and lack of reconciliation that put the modern Muslim world into chaos and law and order situation. This research thus, concludes that all this because of the ignorance of the moderate politics of the Prophet (pbuh). It suggests following the political steps of our Last Prophet (pbuh) to achieve economic prosperity and political stability in the Muslim states.</p> <p>&nbsp;<strong>Key words</strong>:</p> Dr. Naseem Razi Salahuddin Khalid Khan Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-07-01 2021-07-01 58 72 10.51411/rahat.5.2.2021/303 ENGLISH: Political and constitutional aspect of Raymond Davis case in Islamic perspective of Qisas and Diyat Law http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/279 <p>Islam is the religion of peace as per its will and spirit it spreads peace throughout the world. As it is mentioned in the holy book Quran:</p> <p><strong>"</strong><strong>مَنْ قَتَلَ نَفْسًا بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ أَوْ فَسَادٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ فَكَأَنَّمَا قَتَلَ النَّاسَ جَمِيعًا وَمَنْ أَحْيَاهَا فَكَأَنَّمَا أَحْيَا النَّاسَ جَمِيعًا"</strong></p> <p>This spirit of peace and will reflects in every field of life. Islam imposes different types of Hudood (Punishments) to ensure peace. Allah Almighty called Qisas as life itself, as Allah directed us in holy Quran.</p> <p><strong>وَلَكُمْ فِي الْقِصَاصِ حَيَاةٌ يَا أُولِي الْأَلْبَابِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;The importance of Qisas is very much clear in Islam as it is mentioned in above verse. Pakistan is also an Islamic country as its base is on Islamic Ideology so Qisas and Diyat law is part of our judiciary. Similarly an incident took place that an US intelligence person Raymond Davis killed two people in Lahore. If this case is seen in the context of Shariah, many aspects of it come to the fore. From a Shariah point of view, Shariah has declared qisas as life۔ Shari'a prescribes severe punishments for crimes against the sovereignty of the state. According to Sharia law and the constitution of Pakistan, Raymond Davis crimes are of this nature. According to Sharia, he is punished for qisas and blatant violation of the Constitution of Pakistan.</p> Abdul Raheem Dr. Adil Zaman Kasi Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-07-01 2021-07-01 73 80 10.51411/rahat.5.2.2021/279 ENGLISH: Rethinking Ribā and the ‘Islamic’ Banking Experimentation http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/358 <p>The efficiency of a financial intermediation system is assessed by its ability to achieve allocative efficiency, asset transformation and the subsequent economic development. In case of an Islamic Banking and Finance as an alternate financial intermediation system adherence to the injunction of Islam is also critical. A critical appraisal of the state of contemporary Islamic Banking and finance (IBF) reveals that IBF has neither been able to achieve the aspirations of Islamic rhetoric, nor has been efficient in terms of asset transformation and economic development. This paper is an intuitive pursuit to explore the economic sense of established principles of IBF, and the reasons of the persistent divergence of IBF, being accused to be based on ruses and sophistry. Disentangling the varying viewpoints, the underdevelopment of IBF has been attributed to misinterpretation of <em>Ribā</em>, which has been explicated through a narrow <em>fiqhi</em> and legally deterministic approach. Deeming ‘a collaborative and dynamic <em>Ijtihād’ </em>as the elixir, this paper insists on the exigency of revisiting the definition of <em>Ribā</em> through a dynamic and collaborative <em>Ijtihādi</em> effort – i.e. a definition that incorporates the modern modes of economic cooperation and the contemporary financial intermediation ecosystem. The paper articulates <em>Ribā</em> in an agency theoretic framework to eschew expropriation of wealth, and assure protection of property rights, to sustain financial stability and economic development.</p> Waqas Ali Haider Muhammad Arsalan Aqeeq Dr. Abdul Ghaffar Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-07-01 2021-07-01 81 103 10.51411/rahat.5.2.2021/358 ENGLISH: Western Colonization or Institutionalism? Exploring the Reason behind the Socio-Economic Problems of the Muslim World in the 21st Century http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/313 <p>The present study is an attempt to explore the reasons behind the socio-economic problems of the Muslim world since 9/11 incident. It draws upon the theoretical framework of Ahmet T. Kuru who is an independent Turkish Islamic scholar. Kuru asserts that issues of underdevelopment, viciousness and dictatorship in the Muslim world Since 9/11, have pulled in much consideration in the world of academics and media. It has been observed that about 66% of the entire wars happened in the major Muslim countries. Besides, in 2009, around 33% of all minor military clashes occurred in countries with major Muslim population. As indicated by the “United States-based think-tank Freedom House, in 2013, less than one-fifth of 49 Muslim countries were democracies, whereas three-fifths of the world’s 195 countries were classified as democracies” (Freedom in the world, 2013). Human development and economic performance of the countries with major Muslim population has not performed well in areas for instance, life expectancy, teaching, schooling and net public pay per capita. Using the theoretical underpinnings of Kuru, this paper follows a qualitative research design with a descriptive, exploratory and interpretive approach using content analysis as a method to trace the historical trajectory of the Muslim intellectuals and merchants who truly worked for the cause of religion and kept themselves away from politics. The findings of the study indicate that the prevailing decline of the Muslim world is due to the emergence of the Ulema-State alliance which has join its hands with the military state and solely work for the national interest. The paper comes up with the recommendations that there is a need of real Muslim intellectuals and the revival of old Islamic system which can reform and enlighten the lost splendor of the Muslim world.</p> Dr. Saman Salah Nazir Ahmed Kasi Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-07-01 2021-07-01 104 110 10.51411/rahat.5.2.2021/313 ENGLISH: Verses of Quran, Gender Issues, Feminine Injustice, and Media transmission - CDA of Pakistani Press Reports http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/316 <p>Pakistan is an Islamic country and has been established in the name of Islamic ideology but rape and murder of innocent children and ladies, like Zainab presents a very ugly and obnoxious image of this Muslim nation. This research has been done to find the gender issues and feminine injustice in Pakistani press news reports from Critical Discourse Analysis viewpoint in light of teachings of Quran. It is said in the Quranic text:</p> <p>وَمَنۡ يَّعۡمَلۡ مِنَ الصّٰلِحٰتِ مِنۡ ذَكَرٍ اَوۡ اُنۡثٰى وَهُوَ مُؤۡمِنٌ فَاُولٰٓـئِكَ يَدۡخُلُوۡنَ الۡجَـنَّةَ وَلَا يُظۡلَمُوۡنَ نَقِيۡرًا</p> <p><em>“and whoso doeth good works, whether of male or female, and he (or she) is a believer, such will enter paradise and they will not be wronged the dint in a date- stone”.</em> This research study is done to explain, what Quran says about gender issues and women injustice, using out press statements, images, and columns taking from both in English and Urdu languages newspapers, namely the Dawn and Express. The statements are taken during the week, after happening of brutal episode i.e. from 8 January 2018 to 14 January 2018.Inspiration of this project is created in the background of Zainab’s sexual abuse and gruesome rape, which happened in first week of January 2018. Initially the teachings of Quran, gender issues, feminine injustice and media discourse are explained briefly because injustice with ladies and children have been growing very rapidly since previous two decades in Pakistan. Then the significance of research is highlighted. This research is carried out in the paradigm of qualitative approach. Non probability purposive sampling technique is adopted for sample selection from selected newspapers. Van Dijk&nbsp;CDA model has been implemented for data analysis of the research, but keeping in view the hypothesis of the study the selected points are discussed only. The essential aim of the research is to focus on the pacifier and collusive stance of media, wrapped in the agenda of power which has been explored through Van Dijk <sup>&nbsp;</sup>CDA model.</p> Dr. Jabeen Bhutto Muhammad Ramzan Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-08-01 2021-08-01 111 126 10.51411/rahat.5.2.2021/316 ENGLISH: Maulana Wahiduddin's method and prolific style of writing http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/363 <p>Maulana Wahid ud Din is no doubt, one of those writers in the world whose writings, publications and literary services created massive glory of readers as well as the followers. He produced an excellent prose, using his God gifted skills of writings, interest and devotion. He always spent a life of content under extreme hard days. He was a well-known Muslim cleric in India and well known for his peace policy. He wrote on religious, social and political issues. He was the author of more than two hundred books. He was a prolific writer and has an extraordinary ability to write about purification. Undoubtedly, Maulana Wahid ud Din is one of the most respected names in the world of style and a dubious name in the world of thought.</p> Muhammad Inam ul Haq Dr. Faridah Yousuf Prof. Dr. Abdul Quddus Sohaib Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-08-01 2021-08-01 127 133 10.51411/rahat.5.2.2021/363 ENGLISH: Warm and Cold Sources of Conflict and Conflict Resolution in Abrahamic/Semitic Traditions http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/360 <p>All the three Abrahamic religions are considered as the monotheistic sources of violence around the globe. The Bible, both the Old and the New Testaments are criticized for encouraging radical religiosity, chauvinism and othering leading to violence in the name of religion while the Quran is blamed for promoting highly political religion which encourages violence in the name of Jihad. Both the militant movements affiliated to these religions and their leftist critics cherry-pick the verses of these holy books and demonstrate them as the religious grounds of radicalism leading to violent extremism. The current endeavor highlights such <em>“warm”</em> sources from the main religious books of these religions which can be/are used to promote violence and become sources of conflicts. It is opined that such sources are highly contextual, and not meant to be generalized in every situation. On the other hand, <em>“cold”</em> sources from these religious books are also unearthed as the timeless teachings of these religions which are both eternal and meant to be propagated to general public for the nurturing the society on peaceful and cooperative grounds so that they avoid conflicts in the first place and even if conflicts do arise, resolve them nobly.</p> Syeda Hoor ul Ain Prof. Dr. Rashid Ahmad Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-08-14 2021-08-14 134 157 10.51411/rahat.5.2.2021/360 ENGLISH: Illuminating Human Psyche: A Comparative Analysis of Similarities in Ghazalian Theory of Soul and Freudian Psychoanalysis http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/396 <p>There have been several theories in the Western world, highlighting various features of human mind, but none of them seems to present the whole truth. The richness and diverse outlook of human experience makes it imperative to look for a model, which contributes in better and all-encompassing understanding of human nature. The present study intends to provide the venue to the spiritual insights of Ghazalian thought to be incorporated into the study of Freudian psychoanalysis, with its central focus on the similarities between them. Besides the current study proceeds from the assumption that though Freudian psychonalytic theory has provided insightful psychological interpretations, equally appropriate readings result from analyzing Ghazalian theory of soul. This study follows the descriptive and analytic methodology to investigate the similarities in both the models and has been developed according to the guidelines provided by Zepetnek’s (1998) theory of comparative literature. This analytical approach may lead to an alternative critical agenda for the better understanding of human psyche. In addition, it is also hoped that the insights yielded by this research study may develop into new forms of understanding in the realm of psychology.</p> Dr. Shumaila Mazhar Dr. Ayesha Sanober Dr. Muhammad Ali Copyright (c) 2021-08-14 2021-08-14 158 169 10.51411/rahat.5.2.2021/396 ENGLISH: The Teachings of the Holy Prophet ﷺ: Peace, Co-existence and Reconciliation http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/327 <p>In the current age, the world has turned into a multi-ethic and multi-religious planet where different communities live side by side. The incident of 9/11 has escalated the conflicts between Muslim and non-Muslim communities, especially the Muslims are the victim of Islamophobia. In the given context, some groups started an armed struggle against the oppression in the name of Islam. As the backdrop of this reaction, western media have started stereotypical propaganda against the Islamic belief system and Ideology.&nbsp;It is commonly believed that Islam is against modern progress and personal freedom. On the other hand, some extremist non-Muslim individuals and organizations have increased the religious and political temperature by carrying acts like the publication of the Prophet’s ﷺ caricatures, New Zealand massive killings, burning of the holy Quran in Norway etc. So, in this article, it has been discussed in detail that only the teachings of the Prophet ﷺ and his practical model of the state of Medina provide the solid guidelines to create peace, reconciliation and the true spirit of co-existence among pluralistic societies. However, the teachings of the Prophet ﷺ propose guiding principles to establish an ideal society where both Muslims and non-Muslims exercise their civil and religious rights.&nbsp; This article deals with concepts such as peace, coexistence and reconciliation between Muslims and non-Muslims in the context of the strategies of the Prophet Muhammad. In Medina, citizenship and equal rights were recognized for all peoples, regardless of religious beliefs or practices. Covenants of the Prophet Muhammad are used with non-Muslims as an analytical framework which can be used to create an acceptable narrative for democratic partnership among Muslims and non-Muslims.</p> Dr. Tahira Firdous Dr. Mushtaq Ullah Hashmi Dr. Shabana Qazi Copyright (c) 2021 2021-09-22 2021-09-22 170 178 10.51411/rahat.5.2.2021/327 ARABIC: اِسْتِقْرَارُ الْاُسْرَۃِ فِیْ ضَوْءِ الْقُرْآنِ الْکَرِیْمِ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/189 <p>A family is a basic unit of life. It gains a huge importance among healthy and civilized nations. Good parents not only rare and care of their children, they also focus on emotional, spiritual and religious aspect. Ethical training of a child is a sacred responsibility of parents and other relatives of a family. Family as whole, prod aim and sustains a human society. A person can be resilient and confident under the umbrella of his family. According to anthrop logistics, inadequate child supervision and discipline causes the collapse of a wider community facts show that a large number of children in the world are not given on affectionate attention by their mothers, fathers and other veteran members of their families. Due to that, ratio of juvenile crime has been increased. Every religion denounces.</p> Dr. Imrana Shehzadi Dr. Iftikhar Ahmed Khan Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-07-03 2021-07-03 1 14 10.51411/rahat.5.2.2021/189 ARABIC: أهمية العلوم المعاصرة وفوائدها في فهم دراسات الحديث وعلومه http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/388 <p>The modern sciences and technology have important role in today’s life and development of society. And it is a significant driver behind change, and sometimes plays an important role in renovations in educational design and delivery. As all the Sciences are contributory and linked to each other, so there is immense possibility to use the modern sciences in the service of Hadith and its sciences. This research is to elaborate the importance and benefits of modern sciences in understanding Hadith and its sciences. And also give an Islamic perspective on the modern sciences.</p> Dr. Muhammad Anwar Muhammad Ghani Copyright (c) 2021-07-03 2021-07-03 15 30 10.51411/rahat.5.2.2021/388 ARABIC: دور الاتساق المعجمي في تحقيق التماسك النصي دراسة تحليلية لآيات التوحيد http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/310 <p>This paper discusses the issue of lexical consistency and its role in textual coherence through an analytical study of the verses of Monotheism , since lexical consistency is considered one of the most important and prominent element of textual coherence, and textual coherence is achieved by the lexical relationships between the vocabulary of the text , and these lexically connected elements lead to the continuity of meaning and the construction of &nbsp;the basic idea of the text.</p> Dr. nargis nazir samarqandi Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-07-04 2021-07-04 31 47 10.51411/rahat.5.2.2021/310 ARABIC: المقاصد المرعية لدى الفقهاء في مؤلفاتهم في ترتيب الأبواب الفقهية http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/354 <p>This research clarifies the arrangement of Jurisprudential Chapters made by Jurists in their books. They divided these chapters&nbsp; to acts of worship and treatment and the other branches of Islamic Jurisprudence that regulate the relationship of the human with his Lord <em>(Allah)</em> as well as other matters which are needed by the human in his relationship with common people, so, we found our scholars arranging these different Jurisprudential provisions in their books in line with human reality in terms of&nbsp; commencing with the important thing and then the most important one ot reach the needed and the desired goal of writing these books, and one of the greatest of them&nbsp; is to bring closer understanding to those who benefit from this scientific heritage that was left for us by these exceptional scholars <em>(Ulama)</em> where they took care of arranging their books for the benefit and understanding of the intended meaning with ease, and this arrangement didn't happen randomly, but rather had a prominent reason in the author's mind, especially in jurisprudence, this systematic arrangement from these scholars in their books help students and readers to memorize and understand the issues contained therein, arranged in a sequential order that is compatible with the nature of&nbsp; man.</p> Dr. Safiullah Wakeel Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-07-04 2021-07-04 48 57 10.51411/rahat.5.2.2021/354 ARABIC: الإسهامات العلمية للقاضي ظفر الدين لاهوري: دراسة خاصة لعلق نفيس شرح المعلقات السبع http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/357 <p><em>This study is about the academic services of Qāzī Zafar Uddin. He was a well-known scholar and teacher of thirteenth century. He taught Arabic literature in oriental college Lahore. He was a good poet, famous writer and eminent journalist. He serviced as editor of a famous magazine Naseem e Sabah. He contributed in Islamic and Arabic literature through his writings. This study is divided into two parts; first is related to life history of Qāzī Zafar Uddin, and second is related to his literary work and special study of ‘Ilq e Nafees, his literary work which is the translation and explanation of seven odes (سبعه معلقات). This study critically and technically analyzed the explanation and translation of seven odes write by Qāzī Zafar Uddin Lahorī. </em></p> Dr. Muhammad Tariq Mahmood Yasir Farooq Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-07-04 2021-07-04 58 65 10.51411/rahat.5.2.2021/357 ARABIC: المشكلات في ترجمة المصطلحات العربية الدينية إلى الأردية: استراتيجيات وحلول http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/198 <p>The translation is like a bridge that connects different societies and civilizations. It transfers linguistic expressions from one language to another, and connects the social and cultural life of different peoples and nations. It transfers knowledge, experience, values, ideas, principles, traditions and thoughts of the people from one language to another. Translation itself is an art &amp; science that has its own rules, foundations and strategies. Translators may face many difficulties, problems and challenges especially in the literary translation, as each language has its own distinct characteristics and features. So, these difficulties and problems arise when using idioms, phrases linguistic and semantic structures, and in choosing the appropriate meaning or determining the nature of the word's use, style, and so on. The translation requires literary talent, a comprehensive knowledge of the original language (source language) and the language translated into it (target language), mastery of all the rules of the two languages (source language and target language) and a full awareness of the cultural background of two languages from the specialists of this field. The translator must know the type of text, the language, the intellectual and cultural context of the translated text, and the background of its author. As well as the information about the culture and civilization of other nation. Urdu language has been influenced by different languages such as Persian, Sanskrit&nbsp;and Arabic. And many words and terms are taken from these languages. Especially religious terminology is taken directly from Arabic, i.e., Hajj, Umrah, Zakat, Nikah and Talaq etc. This article highlights the problems in translating Arabic Religious terminology into Urdu and suggests some strategies and solutions.</p> Dr. Robina Naz Dr. Qadeera Saleem Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-07-04 2021-07-04 66 82 10.51411/rahat.5.2.2021/198 ARABIC: قصة آدم وحواء في النصوص القرآنية والكتب السماوية http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/391 <p>The paper discusses the comparison between Adam and Eve story in holy books i.e., Quran and Bible, the Holy Quran is the Muslims’ way of life, the Muslims’ practice the Quran in their daily life. Quran is absolutely miraculous God’s words. Its language is very beautiful. It includes stories, the stories in Quran are the best stories, the stories in Quran not the same as previous scriptures. The stories in Quran clarify the stories in the Old and New Testaments. Adam is one of the interesting stories in Quran, its narrated in seven suras. Al Baqarah, Al Araf, Al Hijr, Al Isra, Al Kahf, Sa’ad, and sura Thah. This repetition shows its importance, it also has values for mankind. This story tells us how angels as pious creatures must respect Adam because he is leaned, creature. It is clarified in the story education is functional, practical universal continual, and potential traits of Islam. The research reveals the aspects of the few similarities between the holy books in presenting the story. As the study reveals that this story is repeated in Quran in many suras whereas in the Tawra it is mentioned in one place.</p> Dr. Lubna Farah Copyright (c) 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 83 96 10.51411/rahat.5.2.2021/391 URDU: عالمی امن اور معاہدات کی نوعیت و جہات کا فکری جائزہ : اسلامی تعلیمات کی روشنی میں http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/375 <p>Allah Almighty has given freedom to every human being so everyone is free. When freedom of an individual strikes another person's freedom, this collision causes atrocity in the society. To protect the person and a nation, from this tragedy, the law comes into force to keep peace. This law is called contract. Islam has stressed upon the agreement both essentially in terms of moral and legal to be followed. So, if we want relations between Muslims and Non-Muslims this principle be followed. Keeping the contract is imperative on both sides (Muslims &amp; Non –Muslims). The Holy Prophet did not allow anyone to create such an impression from their individual behavior that the enemy feels that they did not act upon the contract. Apart from this, if the Islamic State does not have any danger from the other side, the Islamic state will prefer peace. In our modern times religious violence has become one of the reasons of exploitation in different parts of the world. On the occasion of the establishment of a new nation, Prophet (SAW) showed that the bondage of these boundaries is as important as the acceptance of the religion. For peace, other religious groups must enjoy religious freedom. On this basis, Islam established a welfare society. Today, it is imperative that these boundaries should be followed.</p> Dr. Munazza Hayat Copyright (c) 2021-07-04 2021-07-04 1 18 10.51411/rahat.5.2.2021/375 URDU: پانچویں صدی ہجری میں لکھی گئی مالکی اصول فقہ کے کتب کے مؤلفین کی حالات زندگی اور مناہج کا تحقیقی مطالعہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/273 <p>In this article has been strived to present an introduction of maliki Jurists of principles of Fiqh and also a research study has been done on methodology of their books wrtten in the 5th century. 1-Al Taqreeb wal Irshad by Muhammad Ben tayyab, 2- al Mu’tamad Fi Usul al Fiqh by Mhammad ben Ali Ben tayyab, 3- Al Burhan Fi Usul al Fiqh By Abdul Malik Ben Abdullah ben Yusuf ben Mhammad aljawani, 4- Al Mahsool Fi Usul al Fiqh, By Abo Bakkar Muhammad ben Abdullah ben Mhammad ben Abdullah al undulusi, 5- Al Isharah Fi Usul al Fiqh By Abo al waleed suleman ben al Khalaf ben sa’ad ben Ayuoob ben warith al tajeebi al qurtabi al baji al undulusi, 6- al Hudood Fil Usul By Mhammad al Hasan Ismaeel. It has been tried in this article to cover all aspects of author of each book to know his teacher and student who contributed in establishing of maliki Fiqh. That is why first of all an introduction of the teacher of each author has been presented and then his students. And also, a brief introduction of his other books has been done in order to know his contribution. In the last a detail of each book of each author of the above mentioned five books, is presented. Also, some findings are added in the last of this article.</p> Dr hidayat Khan Dr. Safiullah Muhammad Wakeel Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-07-05 2021-07-05 19 28 10.51411/rahat.5.2.2021/273 URDU: 'احکام القرآن 'اور 'الفصول فی الاصول' از امام ابوبکر جصّاصؒ کا اسلوب و منہج http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/184 <p>Books of Imām Abu Bakr Ahmad Bin Ali Al-Rāzi Al-Jaṣṣāṣ Hanafi (RA) (305-370 A.H) especially his juritic encyclopedic Tafsīr “Aḥkām-ul-Qur’ān” and its preface “Al-faṣūl-fil-Uṣūl” are included among the last compilations written after his accession to Hanafī throne. These books are an extract of his lifelong experiences and many important reference sources. On the whole, besides the commands and problems of Fiqh with its principles of jurisprudence, Ahkām-ul-Qur’ān and Al-Faṣūl-fil-Uṣūl encompass multiple sciences and artistic values like sciences of Hadith, dictionary, grammar, notation, poetry, eloquence, logic, philosophy, history, discussion or contest and criticism, etc. These sciences are collectively required for juristic deduction from the Qur’ānic and Ahādīth texts. However, this has transformed Tafsīr book into an encyclopedia of different sciences. This aspect reflects the methodology of many precedent scholars, prevalent in the comprehensive writings of that time.</p> Dr. Syed Muhammad Ismaeel Sajida Syed Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-07-05 2021-07-05 29 46 10.51411/rahat.5.2.2021/184 URDU: دینی مدارس کی معاشرتی حیثیت اوران کے ذرائع معاش http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/298 <p>Madrassahas have played a vital role in educating the Muslims with Islamic teaching or enabling them to lead their life according to Islam. These steps compelled the common people to send their children to institutes or field where they are guaranteed an earning future. Madrassahs continued their existence the courage of devoted Islamic scholars and the aids/Zakat, Khairat of common people. Even after the partition of subcontinent Government did not consider any financial support for Madrassahs. Even today the system is not accepting the value of Madrassahs in our society.So that there was both religious and financial attractions studying and being an Islamic to serve.As result madrassah are producing long quality of Islamic scholars and no means of earnings or no skills required for earning financial survival in our society.</p> Masooda Shah Prof. Dr. Abdul Ali Achakzai Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-07-05 2021-07-05 47 61 10.51411/rahat.5.2.2021/298 URDU: نکاح کی اہمیّت ،فضائل و اقسام اور جدید مسائل ، تعلیمات نبویّہ کی روشنی میں http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/314 <p>Marriage is a contract between two mature and responsible individuals. Nikha is the most significant part of Islamic marriage ceremony. It is an agreement between husband and wife in form of contract. It has been clearly mentioned in the Holy Quran and in Hadith.&nbsp; Sex is a need of every human species. In order to differentiate between human beings and animals, Islam has presented the marriage contract in a form of nikha to legalize sex for Muslims. In the sphere of life, husband and wife are like two wheels of a cart in which they share equal rights and responsibilities. The Holy Quran has clearly stated these rights and responsibilities which are given to both these genders. If a woman wants to terminate her nikha or if she wishes to get separated from her husband, she has given the right of Khula just like the male who has the right to dissolve his marriage by giving divorce.&nbsp;</p> Dr. Qazi Abdul Manan Hafiz Abdul Wahid Faridi Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-07-23 2021-07-23 62 77 10.51411/rahat.5.2.2021/314 URDU: ” قطعی الدلالۃ “اور” ظنی الدلالۃ “کے تصورکا اطلاقی پہلو تفسیر تفہیم القرآن اور تدبر قرآن کی روشنی میں ایک تقابلی مطالعہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/257 <p>Holy Quran consists of the words and phrases with multiple connotations. On the issue of multiplicity and variation in the meanings of the Qur'anic words, there are diverse approaches adopted by Muslim scholars. Some of the researcher believe that a Quranic verse can be interpreted in more than one way, this phenomena of interpretation is called “Zanni-ul-Dalalah”, while the other group of scholars claim that the Quranic verses contain a fixed interpretation and don’t have provision of any other meaning, this type of interpretation is called “Qati-ul-Dalalah”. In the nineteenth century, Hamid-ud-Din al-Farahi put forward another theory that every word, sentence, and verse of the Qur'an has a definite meaning, and no other meaning or interpretation is correct, so in his view point whole quranic text is “Qati-ul-Dalalah”. Tafseer “Tafheem ul Quran”&nbsp; by Abu-ala –almawdoodi belongs to 1<sup>st</sup> category, i.e. Quranic verses may contain more than one meaning, while&nbsp; Tafseer “Tadabbur-e-Quran” by Ameen Ahsan Islahi is written on “Qati-ul-Dalalah” approach. So the author has compared the both approaches &amp; concluded that the claim of “Qati-ul-Dalalah” in Quranic verses is not correct rather than the view point of the majority scholars <em>(Jamhor Ulama)</em> is quite perfect. The correct concept of interpretation is that, “<em>some of the verses are definite, but we can’t deny the importance of external references along with additional information which is seldom required to understand the complete sense of the verses”. </em>Holy Quran consists of the words and phrases with multiple connotations. On the issue of multiplicity and variation in the meanings of the Qur'anic words, there are diverse approaches adopted by Muslim scholars. Some of the researcher believe that a Quranic verse can be interpreted in more than one way, this phenomena of interpretation is called “Zanni-ul-Dalalah”, while the other group of scholars claim that the Quranic verses contain a fixed interpretation and don’t have provision of any other meaning, this type of interpretation is called “Qati-ul-Dalalah”. In the nineteenth century, Hamid-ud-Din al-Farahi put forward another theory that every word, sentence, and verse of the Qur'an has a definite meaning, and no other meaning or interpretation is correct, so in his view point whole quanic text is “Qati-ul-Dalalah”.</p> Adnan Shahzad Prof. Dr. Ali Asghar Chishti Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-08-01 2021-08-01 78 96 10.51411/rahat.5.2.2021/257 URDU: مُسبِّحات کی حکمت و خصائص کااحادیث کی روشنی میں تعارفی مطالعہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/330 <p>Quran is the only divine book that has remained immune from distortion that is standing at the acme of eloquence, rhetoric and guidance. It reveals the hidden secrets of the universe and presents the best teachings of the hidden treasury with an exhilarating tone. The Quran specifically mentions that Muhammad was the messenger to the whole of mankind, and that Muhammad (SAW) is the last messenger to be sent. Inimitability of the Quran is the belief that no human speech can match the Quran in its content and form.Al-Musabbihat are these&nbsp;surah&nbsp;of the&nbsp;Quran&nbsp;that begin with Allah's Glorification 'Subhana', 'Sabbaha', and 'Yusabbihu'. Al-Musabbihat refers to the following Surahs: Al-Asraa, Al-Hadid,Al-Hashr,As-Saff,Al-Jumu’ah,Al-Taghabun and Al-A’laa. In this article we discussed the meanings, importance, and supremacy of Musabbihat. After that we described the finesse, philosophy, tactness and characteristics of Musabbihat (Those Surahs that begins with the Glory of Almighty Allah).&nbsp;&nbsp; The Musabbihatsurahs, as a precious part of the Holly Quran that astound every eloquent person try to accomplish the praising and glorifying the Almighty Allah.</p> Dr. Aqsa Tariq Dr. Zahid Latif Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob 2021-08-01 2021-08-01 97 110 10.51411/rahat.5.2.2021/330 URDU: غیرمسلم اقلیتوں کےساتھ معاملات میں مماثلت ،رعایت ورخصت کا فقہ حنفی کی روشنی میں تحقیقی مطالعہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/372 <p>Islam is such a unique and universal Religion that permits every creed of Global to enjoy the freedom of their religion, this is a religion which is for all, free of religious Boundaries allowing each of the theology bent of minds, school of thoughts and people around the Global Village. It tends to shower such a leniency, flexibility, authority for the basic needs of common people in common belonging different communities, Religions, etc. this is beauty of Islam who cares especially for non-Muslims as to fulfil their Fundamental rights of their religion and socio-economic concernments. Islamic Law enjoy benefits that leave good, positive effect on natures of human being. In this regard Hanafi Jurisprudence is one of thorough, extensive, broadened and vast Implemented Fiqh out of famous Schools of Islamic Laws that lights upon long life as well as effective laws for different Schools, where each person belong to different spheres and fields. In this paper tried to discuss at length through laws of Hanafi Jurisprudence that non-Muslim have a great sense of leniency, equality protection favors and flexibility in different walks of life at the wake of social dealings and Economic interactions.</p> Dr. Sajjad Ali Raeesi Bilawal Hussain Magsi Copyright (c) 2021-09-13 2021-09-13 111 123 10.51411/rahat.5.2.2021/372