rahatulquloob http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat <p><iframe src="https://rahatulquloob.com/" width="100%" height="3050"> </iframe></p> Rahat-ul-Quloob Research Academy, Quetta en-US rahatulquloob 2520-5021 بلوچستان میں سیرت نگاری کامختصر جائزہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/104 <p>In the&nbsp;Arabic language&nbsp;the word&nbsp;sīra&nbsp;or&nbsp;sīrat&nbsp;(Arabic:&nbsp;سيرة‎) comes from the verb sāra&nbsp;(Present tense:&nbsp;yasīru), which means to travel or to be on a journey.A person’s sīra&nbsp;is that person’s journey through life, or&nbsp;biography, encompassing their birth, events in their life, manners and characteristics, and their death. In modern usage it may also refer to a person's&nbsp;resume. It is sometimes written as "seera", "sirah" or "sirat", all meaning "life" or "journey". In Islamic literature, the plural form,&nbsp;siyar, could also refer to the rules of war and dealing with non-Muslims. In Islam,&nbsp;Al-sīra al-Nabawiyya&nbsp;(Prophetic biography). Sīrat Rasūl Allāh&nbsp;(Life of the Messenger of Allah) or&nbsp;Seerah&nbsp;are the traditional Muslim biographies of&nbsp;Muhammad&nbsp;from which, in addition to the&nbsp;Quran&nbsp;and trustable Hadiths, most historical information about his life and the early period of&nbsp;Islam&nbsp;is derived.&nbsp;This article attempts to briefly review the Seerah Writing in Balochistan. Especially the Introduction and services of those People who have performed the service of Seerah Writing has also been provided.</p> Prof Dr Abdul Ali Achakzai Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 03 13 تصانیف ،رسائل اور خطبوں میں قرآن کریم سے اقتباس پیش کرنا :ایک تحقیقی جائزہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/100 <p>Accuracy of epigraphs, brochures, redactions and harangues depends upon the entopic use, abridgment of words, breakaway from flaunting and unnecessarily repetition of words, phrase logical and concise use of words. So, every prolocutor, monitor and author tries to use these arts. The Holy Quran has used all these arts in the best way, and has no exemplar in this regard. The Holy Quran is income- parable in brevity, protractedness, elegance, balaghat, dehydration of alterity and concinnity etc. This miraculous restyled is the index that it is the Fas. Prolocutors, monitors and authors use the excerptions from the Holy Quran in their brochures, redactions and harangues in order to embellish it. In this article efforts have been made to make evident the capacities and mitzvahs in this cosmogonic issue.</p> Dr. Najmul Hassan Prof. Dr. Atta ur Rehman Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 14 22 حلال مارکیٹنگ کا قرآنی تصور اور روایتی مارکیٹنگ سے اس کا تقابل http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/101 <p>The term Marketing is as old as the human history itself. It is the basic and core need of human life as it involves from production to consumption that is supposed the complete process of any business. In order to regulate and manage this whole process, it is divided into four main parts: Production, Pricing, Place and Promotion. It is abbreviated as 4 P’s of marketing. Several books and articles are available to understand these concepts and to implement them in someone’s business to get good results. It is necessary to evaluate the term Halal marketing and compare these 4 P’s of conventional Marketing with Islamic concepts of Halal Marketing. In this paper after defining conventional and Islamic Marketing, a complete Quranic Concept of Halal marketing is transcribed, and then a comparative study between Conventional Marketing and Halal Marketing is prepared on the basis of 4 P’s of Marketing.</p> Noor Wali Shah Prof. Dr. Ubaid Ahmed Khan Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 23 35 معیشت میں توازن اور مساوات،شاہ ولی اللہ ؒ کامثالی نظریہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/102 <p>Shah Wali ullah Dahlvi was born at the time of famous Muslim scholar and King Aurangzaib Alamgir in Indian Sub-continent, and passed away at the time of Shah Alam Sani. His work and struggle belonged to modern Islamic thoughts. After he came back from Macca and Madina, the situation of state had been very blemish, defective laws of succession demoralized army, and economic insolvency. In these circums-tances he focusing on problems of his time in sub-continent face by Muslims, he ruminated upon the economics of Muslims and troubles. He launched a movement to bring social and Political, stability of economics reform in the society. He raised his voice for economic Equilibrium equitable distribution of resources and removal of Inequalities, and said any production on revenue which is not based on the Principle of mutual assistance as illegal. He formulated a theory the stages of socio economics development known as (Irtafaqat), and also divided society into four stages in the light of Irtafaqat, starting from home and village life ending with external likeness profession.</p> Hafeezullah Talpur Prof. Dr. Muneer Ahmed Khan Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 36 47 "الدر المنثور"کے سورۃ فاتحہ کی تفسیر میں وارد اسرائیلیات اور موضوعات کا تحقیقی جائزہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/105 <p>Tafsir bi-al-ma'thur is of the significant importance in Tafsir because the translator explains verses from Quran, Hadith, words of companions of the Prophet (sahaba) and successors to the Holy prophet's companions(Tabiun). Among those Tafsir one is written by Allama Sayuti titled ‘Addur ul Mansor fi Tafsir bil Masoor’ which is the paramount treasure of Ahadith and narrations (athar). But Allama Sayuti hasn’t provided the sources of these Ahadith and narrations (athar).&nbsp; Although he mentions those books which have complete sources available. The reason is that the upcoming researchers have this facility to further do research work on it. That’s why Allama Sayuti is not that much credible like others in collecting Ahadith. Due to this reason his collection of Ahadith is an amalgamation of credible and uncredible ahadith. Because of the aforementioned reasons in current era a common reader can’t understand the credibility of any ahahdith without the sources given. Due to these reasons in this Tafsir fabricated ahadith available in atfsir of Surah e Fateha are separated and researched again. In this research the sources of those fabricated Ahadith are investigated and&nbsp; explained their credibility.</p> Aziz Ahmad Dr. Hafiz Muhammad Sani Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 48 58 سید احمد الدین گانگویؒ کی فقہی تعبیرات :تحقیقی مطالعہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/106 <p>Syed Ahmad uddin Gangvi was born in the village of Gangi (Mianwali).He was indeed a great scholar and a mystic of his time. He remained affiliated with Fiqh and its teachings effectively for a long period of 85 years. Being a scholar of such a status and magnitude Syed Ahmad served as the Great Mufti (Al Mufti al Azam) at Sial Shareef. He Authored books in Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Punjabi and Saraiki with equal skill and wisdom. Most of his works is available in manuscripts. All of his books reflect his scholarly wisdom and intellect and indicate his great achievements. Syed Ahmad uddin ranks as one of the greatest Jurists of Islamic civilization. During his lifetime he was acknowledged by the people as a jurist of the highest caliber. Outside of his scholarly achievements, he is popularly known amongst Muslims as a man of the highest personal qualities.</p> Atta ul Mustafa Dr. Muhammad Naeem Anwar Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 59 74 نظریہ تخليق كائنات ،قرآن اور جديد سائنس كى روشنى میں http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/107 <p>The Holy Quran is primarily a book of divine guidance for humanity but it also includes the verses related to the creation and organization of the universe. There are almost 700 verses which talk about the pattern of creation of the universe and the mastery of its creator. These verses are meant to guide people till the Day of Judgment. The factual theory of creation is presented in the Quran in a scientific and rational way and with the development of scientific tools and methods these facts have been discovered by the scientists as well. Therefore, when the scientific information was gathered through rational and empirical methods and compared to the Quranic information, it was concluded that Quran has reported true information centuries earlier. It helped dissolution of many doubts and caused a lot many physicists to accept Islam. The Holy Quran rejected the materialistic, atheistic interpretations of the beginning of the universe and offered an alternative logical view of a universe operated by an omnipotent and omniscient God. This research article is an elaborate study of the Quranic and scientific interpretations of the origin of the universe.</p> Dr. Ikram ul Haq Al-Azhari Dr. Muhammad Mushtaq Kalota Maria Man Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 75 82 شریعت میں ضرورت و حاجت کی رعایت اور اس کی حدود http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/108 <p>The Universal teachings of the Islam provide the solution of the problems of every era. The concepts of accommodation, easiness and comfort in Islam are unique concepts found in any religion. Islamic Law promotes the concept of lenience while the concept of rigidness is not supported. It has been mentioned in number of narrations that Holy Prophet was sent with an easy Din. He has commanded to spread easiness and comfort and he has discouraged the promotion of concept of rigidity. Allah Almighty has also formulated the laws of jurisprudence on this concept of ease. He has provided relaxation in His commandments in the state of necessity and compulsion. The four schools of law have also defined the concept of necessity and exigencies. They have determined the area of necessity and elucidate the amount of relaxation that is provided in the fulfilment of obligation in state of compulsion and obsession. Dr Wahaba al-Zuhali states that necessity is that thing without which the life of a person comes in to a fatal situation. To save life, religion, money, respect and intellect of a person, in the state of compulsion and obsession one can use the prohibited things as well. In this article this concept of accommodation, easiness and lenience in the light of Quran, Hadith and sayings of Pious Predecessors will be elaborated.</p> Muhammad Taj ud Din Dr. Zahoorullah Azhari Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 83 95 قرآن مجید میں آیات متشابہات کی حقیقت۔ ایک تجزیاتی مطالعہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/109 <p>Allah has revealed the knowledge of the truth of the universe. Therefore, words of closeness in universal and psychological matters have been used to justify reality. Allah has revealed the Qur’an so that people should live according to Holy Quran in all the fields of life. In the same verses, Allah has placed a collection of verses in the form of different meaning which are called Ayaat Mutshabihat and other verses are called Muhkim i.e. Muhkim Ayaat has no different meaning. The good and the righteous people follow the verses of Muhkim and they believe in the Ayaat Mutshabihat that these verses of Allah. Even though the wicked do not follow the Muhkim verses. But also they follow Ayaat Mutshabihat, when the deviator gave strength to their false sects through verses of Mutshabihat, then the scholars insisted to interpret verses of Mutshabihat that were according to the Quran and the correct Hadith. The method of the Sunnah is that if the verses differ in contradictory, then we follow only verses of Muhkim and also we do not accept any interpretation of Mutshabihat that are against the Quran and Sunnah. Therefore, the security and care factor is to follow the verses of Muhkim.</p> Hadi Bakhsh Dr. Shahzad Channa Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 96 103 رواۃ حدیث کے تعارف میں مفتی محمد فرید ؒ اور شیخ سلم اللہ خانؒ کی آ راء کاتقابلی جائزہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/110 <p>This article aims to draw a comparative overview between the opinions of Mufti Muhammad Fareed R.A and Sheikh Saleem Ullah Khan R.A&nbsp;on the topic of rawayah (chain of narration) of&nbsp;hadith. It also explains the importance of&nbsp;hadith by stating that knowledge of&nbsp;Quran cannot be completely gained without the knowledge hadith. It declares that in the topic of reporting or narration the need of authenticity and confiscation is always there since beginning. It says that the science of rectification and validation is one of the major studies of hadith. This study is important and sensitive at the same time&nbsp;as it the knowledge which helps to identify whether the hadith is Sahih (authentic) or Da'if (weak). It also throws light on the fact that the science of rectification and validation and the knowledge of chain of narrators of all ahadiths is the remarkable possession of the Muslims. This debate defines the science of rectification and validation, consideration, identifies shariah (islamic canonical law), and mentions the books related to these topics. In this article the two sheikhs have described the introduction of chain of narration according to their perspectives. Mufti sahab clearly explains the isnad of hadith and also adds the quotes of ulama and gives references of books and states examples. On contemporary to him sheikh sahab briefly explains the isnad using the same method. The main difference between both is that mufti sahab's method is summarized one while sheikh sahab's method is detailed one.</p> Zia Ullah Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 104 115 معاشرتی و معاشی مسائل کا حل: تعلیماتِ صوفیائے چشت http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/112 <p>The present study tries to explore and identify a possible pattern to the efforts of Chishti Sufia in India to serve the people socially, politically, morally and spiritually. Soon after the inception of Chishti Silsilah in India Khawaja Mu’in-al-Din Chishti along with his contemporary Chishti Shaykhs, laid down the principles of Silsilah. He also carved out a space for independent action and practices of Chishti principles, free from the interference of state for their Silsilah in subcontinent. In fact from the very beginning, Chishtis made it a definite policy to keep a distance from the rulers and to serve the people in all aspect. Chishtis expanded the space of their Silsilah by further application of Chishti principles. But rulers tried to Negociate the space between Chishti Sufia and state which Efforted the cultural and social values of people. People always tried to seek guidance, justice and resolve their social and family matters to Chishti Sufias.</p> Sadia Noreen Prof. Dr. Muhammad Humayoun Abbas Shams Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 116 130 بالغ کے نکاح میں ولایت کا کردار:فقہی مذاہب اور موجودہ قوانین کا تقابلی جائزہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/113 <p>it is a research paper about the study of guardian’s role in the marriage of adult person and especially of an adult woman. There are different opinions of the Islamic Jurists in this issue and the implemented laws of Pakistan lead to other dimension to some extent in many issues of the topic in discussion. Four major schools of Islamic jurisprudence have inter schools as well intra school differences in the guardian’s role in the marriage of an adult women, whether she can marry without the consent and permission of the guardian or not? Malkies, Shafies and Hanbalies are united on the opinion of compulsion of the guardian’s permission for the valid marriage of the adult Muslim women but Imam Abu Hanifa allows it with the condition of equal status of the husband and if she violates this condition then the guardian may file a case in court for the cancellation of such marriage and some jurists say that such marriage is permissible but will not be final without the consent of guardian. Apart from the opinions of Islamic jurists prevailing laws of Pakistan are creating vast space for such couples, which are being proved the major cause of the violation Islamic laws. All these points have been discussed in detail in this research paper.</p> Dr. Muhammad Arshad Dr. Naseem Mehmood Dr. Muhammad Khubaib Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 131 149 تحقیق مقاصد شریعت میں استقراء کا کردار http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/114 <p>Istiqra is an important and famous technical terminology of seeking the Truth;&nbsp;&nbsp; most righteous meanings, usages and realities in different fields of knowledge. First of all this word was used in Aristotle books. With the passage of time, variety of meanings and explanations were given in its context by the Muslim and non-muslim scholar’s .This article discusses the difference of meanings of this termin-ology in research methodology, logic, and Maqasid al-shariah. Istiqra is given&nbsp; importance in&nbsp; defining&nbsp; and&nbsp; understanding&nbsp; maqasi al-&nbsp; shariah by the&nbsp; renowned&nbsp; Andalusian muslim legal scholar&nbsp; shatibi(720-790 A.H/1320-1388 A.D). Maqasid-al-shariah is a new approach and an important field of usul-al-fiqh to correctly understand the intentions of Allah and the sayings of His Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) to answer and solve the new problems, arousing in everyday life as well as in every new era.</p> Noshaba Khokhar Prof. Dr. Muhayuddin Hashmi Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 150 157 تھل میں شادی کی رسومات اورعصری رجحانات:شریعت اسلامیہ کی روشنی میں تجزیہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/115 <p>Despite the fact that ever increasing dearness is the order of the day, extensive prodigality and extravagance is observed on the occasion of marriage in particular and on other ceremonies in general. As a consequence of this reckless approach, many people in the society have to encounter various problems. These seemingly important and in reality absurd rituals and customs are a great panic for the poor and so-called average class of the society. It is our social and moral responsibility to try to eradicate such obnoxious customs because those who follow and advocate such stupid practices have to be answerable for the misery of the affected population by those non-Islamic and unreasonable practices. The marriage rituals in the desert areas of the Thal include “KharaGana”, “breaking the lid of the earthen pitcher”, “Sehra-Bandi (Garlanding)”, “knife to be kept in hand by the groom” and “sprinkling of grains of barley, bills of currency and pieces of sweet-meat upon the couple especially the groom”. The current study highlights the Islamic status of these rituals and also throws light upon them in the social and economic perspective.</p> Muhammad Bilal Dr. Zia ur Rehman Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 158 164 حضورﷺکےنسب و بچپن سے متعلق غیر معتبر روایات کا مطالعہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/116 <p>Although the Sīra writers, in general, have been trying their best to be careful in including unreliable narrations in their works on the life of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, numerous unauthentic traditions have been incorporated in Sīra books. One of the main reasons for this issue seems to be that the Sīra writers did not generally observe the principles and methodology of the Muḥaddithīn in examining the traditions. To the present writers, in order to examine the narrations and texts of the traditions taken in Sīra writings, it is necessary to turn towards the principles and methodology of Muḥaddithīn in examining the hadīth narrations. The present article studies some of the prominent traditions regarding the lineage and childhood of the Holy Prophetﷺ in selected Urdu books. It finds that many popular Urdu books on Sīra contain a number of unreliable traditions on the subject.</p> Ihsanullah Dr. Muhammad Shahbaz Manj Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 165 174 فلاح معاشرہ میں خواتین کا کردار وذمہ داریاں تعلیمات نبوی کی روشنی میں http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/117 <p>Allah is the creator of all universe and human beings as being crown of creation are bound with the ties of love, and unity. No one can survive alone. So man wants to live in groups and these groups form a society. Islam gives much importance to women, honored her. Women contributed a lot in the welfare of a society. It is a woman who born and brings up great personalities to work the great for the progress of a society. Status and historical role of women in society is undeniable. This article deals with meritorious contribution of women in the welfare of society. The women with true Islamic spirit and awareness of all the preaching and teachings of Holy Quran and Sunnah can serve&nbsp;&nbsp; the society in the best manner. At the advent of Prophet ﷺ the women were treated as a slave, deprived of her rights. Islam gave the woman their due right, Respect and Honor and woman contributed a lot in all the field of life especially in Education. An educated woman is the blessing for a society. So woman should perform at their level best for the welfare of the society being a mother, a sister, a wife being within the limits of Islam. Women were seen as wives to cook and take care of kids but now it is realized women should have some different type of role like holding position in governments, doing job at top level, and doing business, so it proves their presence outside the kitchen and laundry. So this article discusses role and responsibities of women in the light of Islamic teaching.</p> Dr. Syed Naeem Badsha Dr. Iram Sultana Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 175 186 قراآتِ متواترہ اور قراآتِ شاذّہ کا تعارفی مطالعہ اور ان کی قبولیت کی شرائط http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/118 <p>The Holy Quran is Allah’s words and it is a foundational source of Shariah. It consists of many characteristics. One of them is that it has been revealed with more than one Qira’ah. However, Muslim scholars have a consensus that Allah has permitted to recite in different dialect for the ease of Ummah provided that it is approved by the Holy Prophet. There is no need of Ijtehad in the relevant subject. Qira’ah has a significant position in the science of Sharia. Therefore, like other disciplines to understand the meaning of the Holy Quran, the science of Qira’ah elaborates the brief verses of the Holy Quran even Qira’ah helps derive the Shariah commandments. The science of Qira’ah has assisted different Shariah disciplines whether it is Sarf and Nahw<em> (</em>Syntax and morphology) or lexicon. Nonetheless it has a significant value in the Shariah, people are ignorant of the science of Qira’ah and deny varied Qira’ah. Hence, looking at the situation, it is necessary to introduce Qira’ah and shed light on the criteria set by renowned and authenticated scholars to accept the Qira’ah. In this paper, the literal meaning, terminology of Qir’ah, kinds of Qira’ah and the criteria for the acceptance of Qira’ah have been described.</p> Abdul Rehman Dr. Hafiz Muhammad Sani Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 187 199 مخدوم محمد عثمان بن مياں عبدالله جهوده العلمية http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/119 <p>Makhdoom Maulana Muhammad Usman mityarwi, a muqallid of Hanafi School of thought, is an elderly personality and a great religious scholar of thirteenth Hijra. He was a student of Maulana Noor Muhammad Nopuri, a renowned student of Makhdoom Maulana Muhammad Hashim Thattawi, and contemporary of Maulana Abdul Wahid Seohani and Maulana Muhammad Ibrahim Thattawi. He was much keen and fond of ilm-e-Hadeeth as well as ilm-e-Fiqh (Islamic Juris-prudence). Among his famous students, are Mian Muhammad Zakir and his son Akhund Azizullah who were the first to translate the Holy Quran into Sindhi language. His son Maulana Makhdoom Abdul Kareem was an eminent Muhaddith of Sindh and also among the famous Ulama. Some of his books are: Muntakhab al-Mishkaat–manuscript, Sahih Bukhari with Taliqaat–manuscript, Persian translation of Shama'il Tirmizi.</p> Noor ul Haq Ibn Abdul Qayyum Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 201 208 دراسۃ عروضیۃ لشعر ابی بکر الصدیق رضی اللہ عنہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/120 <p>Poetry was given very high status and supreme honor in Arabic civilization. Poets were known&nbsp; as pride of their tribes. This talent was used in battles to defeat their enemies. Through poetry the used to show tribal identity, triumph, work, bravery bounty and honor. Poets also depicted their personal Qualities caliber, characteristics and achievement. After advent of Islam topics of the poetry were modified, but the importance of poets and poetry was not pared down. Prophet of Islam (PBUH) expressed his approved for poetry and admired their disciples for their poetic talent. Rashidun Caliphs were not poets in its real meanings, but their talent of poetry cannot be denied. Their brilliance and artistry in poetry was very luxurious and impression. Hazart Abu Bakar, for example had literary qualities. His study of compendium or dewan shows that his technicality of poetry was exactly according to the Arab norms. His verses were on line with parameters of poetry. This article presents some specimen of Hazrat Abu Bakar’s poetry as a proof that he was very Qadir-ul-Kalam poet.</p> Dr. Iftikhar Ahmed Dr. Imrana Shahzadi Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 209 216 ميراث المرأة في الإسلام وشبهات المستشرقين حوله وتفنيدها http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/121 <p>There is no doubt that what Allah has specified for women in their share in inheritance according to the closeness to their deceased, that is the best and right treatment with women which has no parallel in any other system no matter inheritance is less or much in quantity. In Islam women get their share of inheritance as mentioned in the Holy Quran and Sunnah whether she is the mother, the wife, the daughter, the real sisters from mother, the sisters from father, and the daughters of the son and the grandmother. But as the enemies of Islam attacked on the rights of women in Islam and raised suspicions about in general, such as polygamy, women work, their testimony, and ransom, as well as they raised suspicions about the inheritance of women, and claimed that women are oppressed in Islam. Because the male gets double of female, as the French orientalist Gaston Vibet expressed this when he claimed that it is clearly unfair to take half of the men in inheritance He said. "The role of women in Islamic society is very small, and the small number of women has been recognized in all aspects of life. Even in the matter of inheritance, she gets only half the share of men." And if we look at the reason for the revelation of the verse: "And do not wish for what Allah has preferred to some of you, men have a share of what they have acquired, and women have a share of what they have acquired, and ask Allah of His bounty”<a href="#_edn1" name="_ednref1"></a>. Where Umm e Salamah, said O Messenger of Allah men go for jihad and women do not and for us half of the inheritance.” We find that the suspicion of the orientalists in the inheritance of women has its roots since the beginning of revelation, at first sight may appear that Islam is unfair to the girl, making her half the portion of her brother from the legacy of the father, but this is contrary to reality. Actually Islam has assigned the man such tasks and responsibilities which has not assigned to women. I have also elaborated that the Orientalists' suspicions about the inheritance of women are not based on logic or reasoning.</p> Dr. Amjad Hayat Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 217 231 دراسة المخطوط لتفسير تلخيص الدرر،لعبد الحميد بن عبد المجيد الحاكميّ ,المتوفي 514ھ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/122 <p>From the beginning of Islam to date, the scholars interpreted the Holy Qurʾān, all over the world. They performed their responsibilities of explaining the Holy Qurʾān according to the circumstances. As result of this, they left massive heritage in the field of Tafsir; its large number was demolished by the time and huge number of their scholarly work is available in two forms; published and manuscript. Libraries of Turkey, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Berlin, Leiden and Sub-continent, are proud to have antique manuscripts. Tafsir Talkhis-ud-Durar of Allama Abdul Hameed Bin Abdul Majeed Al-Hakimi is one of the notable manuscripts and the early scholarship in the field of Tafsir. The manuscript is available in Noor-e-Usmania Library, Istanbul, Turkey, which is famous for the preservation of Islamic literature. The manuscript of Tafsir Talkhis-ud-Durar, exists in one volumes of 425 sheets, each sheet contain two parallel pages. The language of the manuscript is Arabic, and scribe style is Arabic Naskh, while scribe used red color for Qurʾānic words and the black for the interpretation. This corpus of Tafsir is a valuable treasure of a well-learned and prolific brain of Allama Abdul Hameed Bin Abdul Majeed Al-Hakimi.</p> Abdul Rehman Bin Amjad Hussain Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 232 238 أهمية التسامح في المجتمع المتعدد الثقافات وفیی الشریعۃالاسلامیہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/123 <p>Allah has created mankind and divided all human beings into different groups, families, and nations. In spite of this, people of all religions and nationals can still live in peace if they respect each other’s religion and communities. Even if they worship God in different ways, yet they should try to realize the underlying spirit in each religion and that is to serve mankind which is basically one. Social harmony is very important for the peace, development and stability of every nation of a country. We must remember that our great religious preachers, reformers and scriptures are always standing for the solidarity of humanity, and we must adhere to this ideology. Further, national development, which is important to all, is possible only if we maintain social, cultural and political harmony. Let us all forget our petty lingual, racial and religious differences, if any and live like brothers and support each other in their spiritual, social and political and make the society strong.</p> Dr Abdul Qaddos Dr. Murat ŞİMŞEK Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 239 246 التشبيه وأنواعه باعتبار الأداة ووجه الشبه http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/124 <p>It is well known that the Rhetorical sciences are all masterpieces tend to the souls, and feel comfortable, and it shows the creativity of the Creator and his wise will and it is divided into three big parts, but this research is traced only the " Rhetorical Analogy and his various kinds in surah Al-Tawba&nbsp; and Youna&nbsp; I mentioned the clarification of the verse before the statement of rhetorical data to explain the exact meaning of the verse. I explained all of these according to the views and opinions of the various rhetorical scientists. I have also mentioned its various purposes during explaination of every verse these are: A statement of the case of the suspect and its description,&nbsp; statement of its amount ,and a statement of its justification and status report etc.</p> Muhammad Shuaib Dr. Muhammad Zahir Shah Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 247 253 Islamization of Law of Evidence in Pakistan with Specific Reference to Testimony of a Woman http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/125 <p>The subject matter of any case contains many facts proved by anyone of the parties to have a decision in his favour from a court of law. The primary objective of the law of evidence is to prescribe the rules to prove the facts of the case assisting the court of law in any case. The Law of Evidence forms a foundation for administration of justice in every legal system. This is considered a system of rules for disputed questions of fact in judicial inquiries. This law determines and helps to enforce the liability or grant aright on the basis of facts presented in the court of law. Islamic Law of Evidence is manifest due to the Islamic System of administration of justice and it rules are framed by the Law giver on the basis of primary sources of Islamic Law whereas the rules of other evidence law are made by the people. The current paper discusses the process of Islamization in Islamic Republic of Pakistan. It focuses on the Law of Evidence that how it is Islamized. It also highlights the specific legal provisions of Pakistani Law of Evidence were Islamized and indicates the role of some other constitutional institutions of Pakistan in Islamization of Law of Evidence.&nbsp;</p> Dr. Hafiz Muhammad Siddique Dr. Muhammad Atif Aslam Rao Dr Naseem Akhter Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 01 12 Distinguished Features of Islamic Culture and Its Impacts and Blessings on the World http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/126 <p>Our world has numerous cultures. It represents the nation’s way of life and the values they have. It is the typical of every nation to try its best to protect its culture and colure other nations in its own culture. Due to such intentions there is always a war between these nations to ruin the culture of another and to make its culture prominent everywhere, however the world doesn’t allow another culture to enter in, by force. It needs that the ruler culture must have high values to admit others to follow it. If we have an analytical study of various cultures, we can find that there were many cultures that tried to dominate the entire world but due to many faults in them, they were not accepted by human being. It was only Islamic culture that was accepted whole heartedly by all. Because it was the first culture that brought prosperity to the people. It gave them recognition and strengthened them. The following research paper consists of introduction of Culture, its history, after that I have focused on Islamic Culture, its prominent features and its impact and blessing on humanity.</p> Syed Ayaz Ahmed Shah Dr. Zahida Parveen Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 13 27 Challenges to Urdu in the post 1857 period and the Role of Ulema in the promotion of Urdu http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/127 <p>This article aims at analyzing the political and social aspects, causes and effects of promotion of Urdu in the post 1857 scenario when the decline of the Muslim rule from India and the dawn of British rule accelerated the pace of communal and lingual strife which ultimately politicized the cause of Urdu driving it to many controversies. These controversies along the politicization of the communal as well as the lingual hostilities and animosities soon triggered religious partition of the communities laying the foundations of the Pakistan movement in the later stages. This article will discuss the political, social and lingual issues pertaining to Urdu in the wake of the fiasco of the mutiny of 1857.</p> Shahnaz Shah Prof. Dr. Kaleemullah Barech Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 28 36 Practices of Domestic Violence in Pakistan: An Islamic Perspective http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/128 <p>Violence against women is an important global phenomenon. In Pakistan like other developing countries, women particularly become target of domestic violence. Frequent media reports of violence perpetrated against Pakistani women creates an image of the country as a dangerous place for women to live in. Even though Islam is the official religion of the country, its provisions of justice and equality to protect Muslim women from the domestic tyranny remain ineffective. The prime reason behind this prevalence of violence in the country is the influence of patriarchal norms over the domestic and socio-legal structure of the Pakistani society. Consequently, patriarchal abusive power and control over the lives of women result in the prevalence of varied practices and forms of female domestic violence in the country. However, majority of these victims live in the rural areas of the country where lack of education and resources facilitates the rule of oppre-ssive patriarchal norms and values remotely distant from the teachings of Islam. Among the most popular forms of domestic violence practiced there, honour killing and Vani/ Swara are on the higher scale faced by the females. Honour killing is a form of murder which is committed in order to restore the lost dignity of the aggrieved family. Whereas, Vani/Sarawa is a kind of forced marriage where a female member of the accused family is given to the victim party in order to settle the disputes. Considering the Islamic justifications offered by some Muslim scholars in defense of these two types of violence, the present study challenges the misinterpretation of Quranic verses and Hadith to legitimatize these anti-Islamic practices devised to oppress women. This is done by examining the issue of Honour Killing and Vani (Sawara) through their meaning and historical back ground in the country. Concluding this paper clarifies that Islam condemns killing of mankind and forbids female victimization and the assumed notion of Honor killing and Vani.</p> Zainab Sadiq Dr. Abu Sufyan Qazi Furqan Ahmad Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 37 46 The Political Rights of Women in the Light of Islamic Jurisprudence http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/129 <p>Accordingly, the meaningful participation of women in national, local, and community leadership roles has become an important focus on global development policy. Allah (SWT) has given a due and most suitable status to the women.&nbsp; Women in leadership positions have been mentioned in multiple occasions in Quran. Islam gave them the right to vote and remain politically active in legislative, executive, and judiciary. “Then whoever disputed with you about him after all this knowledge that has come to you, say: ‘Come, let us call our sons and your sons, our women and your women, ourselves and yourselves, then we pray and invoke sincerely the curse of Allah upon those who lie’’. Quran and hadith were used as primary sources for the collection of authentic information, whereas published data on subject was used as secondary sources.</p> Dr. Khadija Aziz Dr. Abid Iqbal Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 47 51 Recommendation to Prohibit, Un-Islamic and Harmful Cultural Custom of Female Genital Mutilation http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/130 <p>Female genital mutilation and female genital cutting that undertakes partial or complete removal of female genital organ, is practiced in certain parts of the world in general and in African Arab countries particularly. This is not religious but cultural and Muslim, Christian and to some extent by Jew communities are involved in this custom of circumcising the girls and women prior to their marriages. On the other hand, female circumcision involves the removal of prepuce which should not be confused with FGM (female genital mutilation), for they are completely two different procedures. However, Keeping the circle of the discussion to Muslims, it is very important to mention that there is no Ayat/verse in Al-Quran which even refers to female circumcision, which is also called as Islamic Circumcision. Only weak hadiths are found to support the procedure. However, these hadiths compl-etely forbid FGM as well as Islamic Shariah scholars prohibit this procedure after in carefully conclusive analysis of the said hadiths to be performed on women. FGM dosn’t has any health benefits instead this is very harmful and leads such victims to many gynecological, psychological, emotional and mental complications.</p> Najia Almas Prof. Dr. Muhammad Khan sangi Prof. Dr. Rafiq Ahmed Memon Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 52 65 The Human Personality Development (An Analysis in the light of Quranic Teachings) http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/132 <p>In this paper, the concept of Tameer e Insaniat (human personality development) is discussed in detail in the light of Quran and Sunnah. It seeks to increase an Islamic perception of the idea of human personality. It includes a short description of the effect of the Prophet of Islam’s character on the arena, and the significance of this difficulty in regard to contemporary global activities. Contents of the paper encompass some dialogue on proposed definitions of Islamic character based totally on present literature and conventional notions of personality through the sector of psychology; the concept of moral character as the muse of Islamic character; the importance of Islamic inform-ation and traditional notions of Islamic psychology; and some examples from the existence of the Prophet himself because the primary model of Islamic persona. The paper is concluded by way of providing a summary of the proposed introductory concept of Islamic character and its distinguished functions, alongside suggestions for similarly improvement.</p> Sajid Tanveer Dr. Zia Ur Rehman Ishtiaq Ahmad Gondal Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-05-18 2020-05-18 66 77 Social Security of Human Beings and Islamic Economic System: An Analysis http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/134 <p>This research paper is an investigation of providence of social security to human beings by Islam, also deals with support and security of Islamic economic system for human beings. Islam provides a complete solution to the problems faced by human beings in day to day life. In Islamic society, each and every person will get their basic needs. The one who is disable&nbsp; or having illness (physical or mental), will be getting its basic needs. The second Caliph, Hazrat Umar (RA) saw an old Jew beggar, who was begging in the market, he called upon him and issued a monthly stipend. Hazrat Umar (RA) knew the responsibility of the state to provide him basic needs, further He state that the beggar had already paid to the state when he was young. Although, it is the duty of the state to ensure the basic needs of the people/citizen of state. Islam, also, encourages the individuals of the society to play their roles for the sustainability of equal system. The Quranic verses stresses on the responsibility of individual and state. The present world meet the misery of the people in nineteenth century while Islam had given born right to every human being, fourteen centuries ago. Islam has a fixed amount (specific amount of gold, silver, cattle and cash) of Zakat which has to be paid by the rich people to the state. In addition, the state will provide Zakat to the deprived people of the society.</p> Dr Karim Dad Dr. Janas Khan Dr. Muhammad Imran Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-06-01 2020-06-01 78 87