rahatulquloob http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat <p><iframe src="https://rahatulquloob.com/" width="100%" height="3050"> </iframe></p> Rahat-ul-Quloob Research Academy, Quetta en-US rahatulquloob 2520-5021 مغازی معمر بن راشدتعارف و تجزیہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/148 <p>Ma'mar Bin Rashid (714 CE) was born in Basra. Ma'mar was belonged to wing of powerful Arab clan&nbsp;Azd. That wing name&nbsp;Hādān was&nbsp;comprised over people who were once slaved. Azd clan had a strong hold on Ma'mar birthplace, Basra and adjacent area like Oman. Like other scholars of that age Ma'mar was also a Persian descendent. Basra was not&nbsp;a Persian city indeed but built as a miltiray camp for Arab Army over the ruin of some dwellings. Beside the river bank and beneath the stones of Basra the ruin of wahshat Abad UrdShair was laying. Book Al-Magazi written by Ma'mar bin Rashid on life of Prophet Muhammad pbuh is considered&nbsp;a highly notable&nbsp;work of that era. This literary work got importance from many dimensions. This work achieved high value as oldest, fine and classical piece of work on Prophet Muhammad pbuh life. It dates back to second century after Hijra. It also reflects the culture and civilization of that era. It is recorded in Arabic language. This book is not only&nbsp;useful for scholars but for common&nbsp; &nbsp;people too. This book contains&nbsp;sufficient material&nbsp;about the&nbsp;history of Prophet Muhammad PBUH companions. So as a primary source it is inevitable to explore which types of efforts were made by&nbsp;early Muslims to record and repress-ent&nbsp;Prophet Muhammad PBUH life. Introduction and analysis of Ma'mar work&nbsp;will be done in following lines.</p> Dr Syed Aziz ur Rehman Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-07-04 2020-07-04 2 11 جوانسال بگٹی کے کلام میں مذکور اسلامی تعلیمات کا تجزیاتی مطالعہ اور اثرات http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/149 <p>Balochi language is the language of poor people of the rich land. Balochi literature has its own beauty like many other literatures of the world. It has diffused its fragrances in the heart of people who were living in the huts. Baluchistan is highly known as a well-off area and the almighty Allah has blessed the region with several natural resources. Apart from this, well known poets have also been gifted to this land by almighty Allah. However, a poet in&nbsp; later nineteenth century from Dera bugti, put his foot steps on this land, he is highly known as one of the greatest Baloch poet whose name is Jawansal Bugti He was purely religious unmatched poet and master of&nbsp; spiritual lines Islam&nbsp; is very simple and easy to be practiced by everyone either educated or under called in this&nbsp; article Jawansal Bugti religious poetry effects on society. The study was survey based,results and findings suggest that the religious poetry has affects a society for Islamic teachings.</p> Muhammad Amwer Bugti Prof Dr Abdul Ali Achakzai Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-07-04 2020-07-04 12 18 مسئلہ نصب امامت کی اہمیت :ایک تحقیقی جا ئزہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/150 <p>Allah has issued a series of Prophets for the guidance of humanity, the first link of which is Prophet Adam and last link is seal of the prophets Mohammad peace be upon him. After the demise of the prophet, it is necessary for the collective implementation of Shariah that the common Muslims may appoint an eligible and competent individual from themselves as the head who could enforce the comma-ndments of Shariah collectively. This chosen individual is called "Imam" and the office he serves is called "Higher Imamate" or "Caliphate". In the following essay, the same issues of installation of Imamate and its relatives have been reviewed.</p> Naimat Ullah Mashal Prof Dr Abdul Ali Achakzai Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-07-04 2020-07-04 19 25 حق مہر میں افراط و تفریط اور معاصرپشتون معاشرے پر اس کے اثرات(ضلع چارسدہ کا تجزیاتی مطالعہ) http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/151 <p>Nikah (wedlock) is the only legalized way of physical interaction between a man and woman. It plays an important role to satisfy the instinctive needs of man and woman and also ensure procreation. Dower (Mahar) is one of the basic conditions of Nikah. It is a token money that manifests dignity of wife and shows the commitment of the husabnd that the responsibility of earning rests on his shoulders. The aim of this study is to&nbsp; highlight the traditions regarding Mahar in contemporary Pashtun society in District Charsadda, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Data was collected through questionnaire from married people, both male and female, to know about the customs and traditions of contemporary Pashtun Society regardinging Mahar. Analysis was done by using descriptive statistics i-e data table. The&nbsp; study shows that most of the people are aware of the Islamic principles regarding Mahar as an obligation but still there is inconsistenct between oral conviction and deed with trference to the&nbsp; payment of Mahar. Dower is considered as a mark of respect for women in Islam. There is the tradition of giving gold as dower that is paid at the time or after the wedlock.</p> Zia Ur Rehman . Dr Fida ur Rahman Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-07-04 2020-07-04 26 42 اسلام اور مسئلہ قومیت، بعض پہلوؤں سے جائزہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/152 <p>Islam is a global religion of nations that expresses its universal message to all human kind. It condemns the division of mankind on the basis of race and colour. It is a religion with total guidance on the premises of human nature. It is not against mutual recognition of people having a common past, cultural or religious heritage therefore when we study nationalism in the light of Islam, we arrive at a conclusion that Islam, however, is opposed to all the attitudes that lead to pride, oppression of rights and jingoism on the basis of nationalism. But the concept of feeling oneness, unity and common ground which abide by the rules of ethics and involves affection towards a nation or country are not forbidden rather commendable in Islam.&nbsp;</p> Syed Ahmed Yousuf Binori Dr Zahid Ali Zahidi Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-07-04 2020-07-04 43 54 امام ابوحنیفہ ؒپر جرح وتعدیل کا تحقیقانہ جائزہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/153 <p>Imam Abu Hanifa's personality has earned him a universal recognition throughout the Muslim Ummah. The Ummah has recognized him as an Imam. His jurispru-dence is one of the four most popular jurisprudents and it has become more accepted than the rest of jurisprudence over time. It is impossible for anyone else to reach the heights of his knowledge. Wherever he has so many followers, there is no shortage of his opponents, who have been trying to discredit him by spreading falsehoods on his behalf and to this day. There have also been some big scholars who have suffered from such misunderstandings, and they have talked about him. The need is to make it clear to the Ummah what the status of Imam Abu Hanifa is and to what extent the statements against him are acceptable, so that no one who studies the Islamic sciences remain in doubt<em>.</em> The underlying article is also a trivial attempt to carry out the same effort which has been discussed in principle and it has been found that Imam Abu Hanifa is a popular Imam for the whole Umma, so the opinion of some people against him could not be accepted.</p> Muhammad Ibrahim Dr Nasir ud Din Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-07-04 2020-07-04 55 66 كتاب "سلسلة الأحاديث الضعيفة والموضوعة"میں شيخ ا لبانیؒ کےمنہج کاتحقیقی مطالعہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/154 <p>The comprehensive study of any book is based on the study of author’s adopted methodology.This article contains on short introduction of Sheikh Albani and brief introduction of&nbsp; his book" Silsilah Al Ahadith Al Daeefah Wal Moudouah". It also contains on the necessary issues related to Sanad and Text (Matan) of Ahadith, on which Sheikh Albani foucused during his arbitration. For example, he mentioned the Text (Matan) of Hadith then mentioned its "Asaneed" by referring the other books of Hadith. He also foucused on checking the status of narrators in the light of "Ilm ur Rijal" principles. He also mentiontioned the references of “Moudouah Ahadith" from prominent books of Moudouah Ahadith. He has adopted the methodologies to accept or to reject the Hadith which are almost adopted by fore father Mohadithin. He aslo mentioned “Ilal ul Hadith” which are helpful for contemporary scholars to solve the problems of the authentication of Hadith.</p> Muhammad Yaqoob Gondal Dr Muhammad Shahid Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-07-04 2020-07-04 67 80 معاشرے کو فتنوں سے محفوظ رکھنے کے مناہج وتدابیراحادیث نبویہ کی روشنی میں http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/155 <p>The article aims to highlight the methods of avoiding "fitan" in the light of tradit-ions of prophet Muhammad (PBUH), The literature of Hadiths of prophet Muhammad (PBUH) regarding "Fitan" has been discussed by Muhadditheen under the title of "Kitab-ul-Fitan", which deals with the issues caused by intemperate human behavior, self-directed interests, and subsequent endeavors to gratify them. Confrontation, collusion of interests, infighting and so on-are the offshoots of these immoderate human attitude and behavior. Hadiths of Prophet Muhammad are beacon of light; and impart such instructions and guidance in the realm of virtues and vices, which have panacea to uproot all these crookedness and gaps found in human nature and behavior. It has such a celestial message and guidance, which cannot only uproot all evasiveness from human nature, but also to safeguard a society at large. The right understanding and compre-hension of the crux of these Hadiths is paramount and crucial in this regard. Therefore, this research paper deals with this crucial issue and expounds right course of action in this regard. The method of study adopted in this paper is descriptive and analytical.</p> Muhammad Kamran Khan Prof Dr Ali Asghar chishti Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-07-04 2020-07-04 81 95 معاشرہ میں منبر و محراب کا کردار۔ایک تحقیقی جائزہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/156 <p>Masjid is a holy place of ALLAH, which is not only a central point for prayers but also a pivotal point for Muslim Collectivism. Miner and Altar (Menbar o mehrab) are the most important place in a Masjid from where people have been acquiring religious, political and social guidance for centuries. In the era of Prophet Muhammad and during Caliphate, the services of a Masjid used to be very wide-ranging and comprehensive. The sermon of reigning Caliph was delivered on this very Miner of Masjid. From here, the general public was given the awareness of new policies and State decisions. But, the scope of the services of Masjid got very narrowed down when those who were responsible for the state abandoned their role of leading from this platform. now the role of Miner &amp; Altar is limited to providing only the religious guidance. Even then, in recent times, the state of Masjid in our society has been deter-iorated. From the Miner and Altar of a Masjid, we listen more of sectarianism rather than the Deen-e-Islam itself. The same old conventional and controversial matters are repeated again and again; and the contemporary religious issues are put aside and ignored. There is a proper code of conduct in many countries in this regard. But, we have a very different situation in our country where the Miner and Altar are very much autonomous and independent. So, the custodianship of Miner and Altar in Masjid should only be given to well-educated and reasonable people who have good eye for contemporary environment and guide their followers by discussing important social and religious issues rather than propagating their preferred sects. And more importantly, the representative of the government should also periodically take charge of this custodianship so that the masses are politically guided and they become closer to each other as well.</p> Dr Muhammad Ishaq Alam Dr Aziz ur Rehman Saifee Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-07-04 2020-07-04 96 110 مقام ِ رسالت کا حقیقی تصوراور ڈینیئل براؤ ن کی فکر:ایک تجزیاتی مطالعہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/157 <p>This article addresses the questions about the nature of Prophetic authority, raised by contemporary orient list Daniel W. Brown in his book 'Rethinking Tradition in Modern Islamic Thought'. In the fourth chapter, he tries to prove that the nature of Prophetic authority is controversial among the modern Muslim scholars namely the supporters of hadith, deniers of hadith and those who adopted a middle way. He argues that the theory of infallibility (isma) of the Prophet (SAW) entered into classical sunni doctrine around ninth Century AD. Most of the Muslim scholars are of the view that the Prophet (SAW) is infallible inasmuch as the revelation is concerned, but they differed in matters falling outside the sphere of revelation. In this way the personality of the Messenger of Allah was divided into two spheres, human and Prophetic. The question as to where to drop a line between the two caused great discussions among the Muslim scholars. Brown states that, during 19th and 20th centuries, these debates led the Muslim scholars of India and Egypt to heated discussions about the authority of the Prophet (SAW) and his Sunnah. He, then, discusses at length the views of different scholars and comes up with results of his own liking. This study tries to clarify ambiguities created by Daniel Brown during the course of discussion and indicates the real status of the Prophetic authority among the Muslims ofall ages.</p> Muhammad Najmul Hasan Dr Manzoor Ahmad . Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-07-04 2020-07-04 111 124 علامہ اسیدالحق قادری عثمانی کی علمی خدمات http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/158 <p>Allama Usaid-ul-Haq Qadri Usmani (1975-2014) was a great religious scholar, Islamic thinker, researcher. He remained the director of Al-Azhar institute of Islamic studies Badayun. He also served as member of Arabic panel in national council for promotion of Urdu Language govt. of India, New Delhi. Furthermore he was the president of Al-Azhar human welfare Society Badayun. In addition to it he was the coordinator of al-Azhar foundation Maharashtra. Moreover he wrote many Islamic books in which 14 books were on academic and research works. 17 books were arranged and prefaced by him. 12 books were translated and reviewed by him. 22 books were completed under his supervision. His academic contribut-ions would always be remembered in the history of Indo-Pak.</p> Mazhar Hussain Bhadro Dr Muhammad Abid Nadeem Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-07-04 2020-07-04 125 137 تحریکِ پاکستان میں پیرآف بھرچونڈی شریف کاکردار http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/159 <p>The shrine of Hafiz Muhammad Siddique named as KHANQAH-E-QADRIA is serving the Muslim Ummah since1258 AH at Bharchondi Sharef,Sindh. All Saints of the shrine served the people spiritually, socially and politically. The Shrine played his significant role in the freedom movement of Subcontinent. Third Saint of this Shrine Peer Abdul Rehman (Bhoral Saen) participated in freedom movement at Sindh level. According to Dr Ghulam Ali Alana; Peer Bhoral Saen played great role for Pakistan Resolution in Sindh legislative assembly. He convinced all Muslim members of Sindh assembly to vote for Pakistan Resolution. He made Jama’at Ihya-e-Islam and Tanzeem Al Masha’ekh to support freedom movement. His great struggle for Pakistan become successful in August 14, 1947.The Shrine always made his effort for establishing peace and harmony in Pakistan. This article aims to highlight the national services of the Peer Abdul Rehman (Bhoral Saen) for Pakistan.</p> Dr Ahmad Raza Dr Hafiz Muhammad Arshad Iqbal Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-07-04 2020-07-04 138 145 قدیم وجدید تفسیری ادب میں آرکیالوجی سے استشہادات مناہج اور نوعیت http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/160 <p>For comprehention of Quran, Archaeology is necessary and important. In Quranic literature, there are much abolished nations. There Histories have been finished. We need intensely to research on archaeological sites for revision modern of their Histories and Civilizations. In Arab countries, the Orientalists researched on the Archaeological sites of these Quranic nations. The ancient and modern Mufas-sireen exhorted from Arcaeology in their Tafseer under the events of the abolished Nations. In the modern era the archaeological research have been developed. Therefore, the modern mufassireen mentioned a lot of materials about the Archaeology by aspect reference. By which we can easily guess the importance of archaeology in Tafseeri Literature. In this Article have been discussed about Archaeological exhortation of the ancient and modern Tafseeri literature.&nbsp;</p> Dr Sana Ullah Hussain Zainab Mueen Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-07-04 2020-07-04 146 157 اسلامی معاشی پالیسی کے اصول اور سرگرمیاں http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/161 <p>Islamic&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; economics&nbsp;(Arabic:&nbsp;الاقتصاد الإسلامي‎‎), is a term used to refer to&nbsp;Islamic commercial jurisprudence&nbsp;or&nbsp;<em>fiqh al-mu'āmalāt </em>(Arabic:&nbsp;فقه المعاملات‎‎), and also to an&nbsp;ideology&nbsp;of economics based on the teachings of Islam that takes a middle ground between the systems of&nbsp; Marxism&nbsp;and&nbsp;capitalism. As a complete way of life, Islam has provided guidelines and rules for every sphere of life and society.&nbsp; Naturally, a functioning economic system is vital for a healthy society, as the consumption of goods and services, and the facilitation of this by a common medium of exchange, play a major role in allowing people to realize their material and other goals in life. Islam has set some standards, based on justice and practicality, for such economic systems to be established.&nbsp; These standards aim to prevent the enmity that often occurs between different socioeconomic sections. Islamic economic principles are based on Qur’an, Sunnah, Ijma (the consensus of religious scholars), and Qiyas (personal opinions based on analogy and religious doctrines). Islam provides specific instructions on the Property Rights, Income Distribution, Zakat, Ushr or tithe, Kharaj and Inheritance. This article explains about the Principles and Activities according to Islamic thoughts and Seerah.</p> Dr Aziz ur Rehman Saifee Dr Muhammad Mash'hood Ahmad Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-07-27 2020-07-27 158 164 تصوف اورشاعری کا انسلاک:شعر درد میں معرفت الٰہی کے بیان کا کشف المحجوب کی روشنی میں تجزیہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/163 <p>The Muslim Sufi poetry focuses on the purification of soul, mystical contemplation of God’s nature, reverence for humanity and sensibility of divine knowledge and wisdom. Khawaja Mir Dard (1721-1785), a poet, musician and Sufi mystic of the 18th Century Delhi belonging to Naqshbandi-Mujaddidi lineage of Sufism, is an important representa-tive of this poetic tradition. His patrilineal line traces back to Hazrat Khawaja Bahaud din Naqshbandi, the founder of Naqshbandi Sufi order, and matrilineage connects him to Hazrat Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani, the founder of Qadiriyya Sufi order. Dard strongly believed that his poetry was divinely enthused through kashf (divine unveiling). Rooted in religious mission, he played a principal role in the development of classical Urdu literature. Dard wrote extensively including a collection of Urdu ghazals, a Persian&nbsp;divaan, a prose discourse called&nbsp;‘Ilm-ul Kitaab’, a compilation of mystical sayings called&nbsp;‘Chahaar Risaala’, and a book on the Muhammadi path. From an early age, he started searching for the true link of human body (self) by traversing various stages of deep indulgence and immersion. He adopted Sufi lifestyle to attain the wealth of divine enlightenment and observance of truth in such a way that his every second verse became a testimony to such Sufi inclination. Kashaf-ul-Mahjoob (Revelation of the Veiled) written by the 11th-century&nbsp;saint Shaykh Syed Ali al-Hujwiri popularly known as&nbsp;Data Ganj Bakhsh, remains an influential Sufi manual for such poetic endeavors. Kashaf-ul-Mahjoob, the earliest formal treatise on Sufism originally written in the Persian language serves as a guide to ingress the hidden world enabling to traverse the stages of awareness. Following the same path described in Kashaf-ul-Mahjoob, Dard’s poetry offers a distinct flavor of how to search divine in the human heart and the universe. This article qualitatively explores the narration of Devine message in Dard’s poetry while using the Kashaf-ul-Mahjoob as a reference point.</p> Dr Farhat Jabeen Virk Dr. Muhammad Bilal Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-07-27 2020-07-27 165 174 امام شافعی رحمہ اللہ اور نسخ فی الحدیث،تحقیقی اور تجزیاتی مطالعہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/231 <p>Al-Shāfiʿī (150-204) is the founder of fiqh-al-Shāfiʿī. He was a great scholar of Ḥadīth and jurisprudence. He started to discuss the hadith sciences and wrote Ikhtilāf-al-Ḥadīth. In this article the methodology and style of al-Shāfiʿī regarding abrogation in Ḥadīth has been discussed and analysed in the light of his book Ikhtilāf-al-Ḥadīth. He has discussed many issues which have abrogation for example to eat the meat of sacrificed animal after three days of sacrifice, abrogation of punishment of different crimes, to stand up to see the dead body of any person for funeral prayer, traditions about tayamum (ablution with soil) and marry for a specific period, to raise hands going to raku (bend) and sajda in prayer, to observe fast on day Ashora (9<sup>th</sup> 10<sup>th</sup> Moharram) etc.</p> Dr. Muhammad Waris Ali Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-07-27 2020-07-27 175 188 قتل اور خودکشی ،اسلام اور بدھ مت :تقابلی مطالعہ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/232 <p>The sanctity of human life is the core issue in almost all religions of the world. In the present world scenario, human beings are suffering a lot. Human life is at risk. The most important and precious figure in society is human beings as it is the greatest creature of Almighty Allah. Buddhism and Islam both emphasize the sanctity of human life. The stress laid by the teaching of Islam on the sanctity and respect of human life can be understood by the fact that Islam does not allow the killing of people who are not physically involved in the war. Islam also against suicide. Similarly, the teaching of Buddha has emphasized the holiness and sanctity of human life. According to the philosophy of non-violence in Buddhism (Ahimsa), Killing of human beings is far from Buddhist’s creed even they are against the killing of insects. In Buddhism, “The nonviolence is one of the five precepts of Dhamma, which form the right action, right views and right-thinking on Eightfold Path. This article focuses on the teaching of Buddhism and Islam, a comparative study regarding killing and suicide as these topics are closely related to the sanctity of human life.</p> Muhammad Sulaiman Nasir Prof. Dr. Muhammad Abdullah Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-07-27 2020-07-27 189 197 من مناهج علماء شبه القارة الهندية فى بيان العقيدة الصحيحة: جهود الشيخ أحمد السرهندى نموذجا http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/233 <p>Mujaddid-e-Alfi Sani Shaikh Ahmad al-Fārūqī al-Sirhindī&nbsp;(1564–1624) was an Indian&nbsp;Islamic scholar, a&nbsp;Hanafi&nbsp;jurist, and a prominent member of the Naqshbandī Sufi&nbsp;order. He has been described as a&nbsp;Mujaddid, meaning "the reviver"&nbsp;for his work in rejuvenating Islam and opposing the newly made religion of&nbsp;Din-i Ilahi&nbsp;and other dissident opinions of&nbsp;Mughal&nbsp;emperor&nbsp;Akbar. Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi's teaching emphasized the inter-dependence of both the&nbsp;Sufi&nbsp;path and&nbsp;sharia, stating that "what is outside the path shown by the prophet is forbidden. Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi advanced the notion of wahdat ash-shuhūd&nbsp;(oneness of appearance). According to this doctrine, the experience of unity between God and creation is purely subjective and occurs only in the mind of the Sufi who has reached the state of fana' fi Allah&nbsp;(to forget about everything except Almighty Allah).&nbsp;Sirhindi consi-dered&nbsp;wahdat ash-shuhūd&nbsp;to be superior to&nbsp;wahdat al-wujūd&nbsp;(oneness of being), which he understood to be a preliminary step on the way to the Absolute Truth.</p> Dr. Munazza Batool Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-07-27 2020-07-27 198 206 الشيخ ناصر الدين الألباني ومكانته العلمية في مجال علم الحديث http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/234 <p>Islam is the Deen that fits to the man's nature. Allah Almighty sent his various messengers to convey His Commandments to the mankind. For His final Command-ments, Allah Almighty sent Prophet Muhammad (SWA).He also introduced His personalityas a explanatory status in Quran, This act has been mentioned on several occasion in Holy Quran which is fully agreed by the whole Umaah. For this, Holy Quran and hadith share the same importance for the guidance of Muslims. The companions of Rasool (SAW), Tabi’ in, Tabi al- Tabi’in and Muhdseen tried their level best to collect and do rearrangement of&nbsp; the Hadith., according to their potentialMohedseen compiled the collection of Hadith&nbsp; at different places during different time periods. This collection of Hadith is known as Sihah, Sitta in Islamic history. With the passage of time, there are so many controversial personalities who tried to damage the importance of this Islamic castle. Moreover, there came some personalities who didn’t have the command on Hadith and its sciences. They even brought their own changes in this regard. Among such names, Al- Sheikh Nasir ur Din Albani is the one, who challenged the authenticity of SihahSitta and other books of Hadith such as Al- AdabulMufrid and Al TarghebwaTerhaib etc. But Allah Almighty always sent such people who defended the matters related to the authenticity of Haidth. In this very article, Sheikh Al bani , his knowledge, his research and his challenges related to the authenticity of Haidth will be analyzed.</p> Shahnawaz . Dr. Naeem Anwar Azhari Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-07-27 2020-07-27 207 221 الدراسة الفنية لشعر نجيب الكيلاني http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/235 <p>Dr. Najīb al-Kiylānī is considered one of the foremost modern Islamic writers. He has written more than seventy books include novel, short story, poetry, criticism etc. He was a talented writer who mastered the necessary artistic tools; the main purpose of his writing was promoting goodness, virtue, tolerance and other human and Islamic values. His poetical works are free from any element of permissive-eness typical of poets. It is rather a poetry filled with concerns about the problems of the Muslim World. Al-Kiylānī was a well-known poet who left about nine books for us, six of them are published and four of them are unpublished. The published ones include: “Naḥwa’l-‘Ulā”̦“Aghānī al Ghurabā”̦Ᾱthār al-Shuhadā”̦ “Muhājir” Kaifa Alqāka” and “Madeenat al-kabāir”. The unpublished works include: “Al amal al-tareed”̦ “Lu᾿lu᾿at al Khalīj” and Ughnīyat al-Layl”. Al-Kiylānī’s poetical works are purposeful, depth, and mystical transparency which had a great influ-ence in the life of people that was one of the most splendid works. The poetry of Najīb al-Kiylānī, the writers notes are filled with an Islamic and sense of purpose.</p> Dr. Zakira Jahantab Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-07-28 2020-07-28 222 236 الحقوق المجردة بین الفقہ والقانون،دراسۃ مقارنۃ http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/236 <p>ALLAH has also determined the rights of different classes of human beings. The term “Huqooq-e-Mujarradah” is a terminology of pure Hanafi jurisprudence, etc., it is frequently mentioned in the books of the Hanafi jurists, but the majority of other Islamic school of thoughts like Malikis, Shafi'is, and Hanbalis have not used this term peculerly. “Huqooq-e-Mujarradah” refers to the rights which are empty and isolated from the country and do not have a fixed relationship with the palace, if these rights are exercised or abandoned, the place will not be affected. There are many types of “Huqooq-e-Mujarradah”. But in this study, two main types are discussed. These are (Huqooq-ul-Irtifaq)Easementrights and (Al huqooq-ul-Fikriyyah) Intellectual property rights. So, what is the Islamic sharia view regarding these two rights, and what are the laws? This study examines and explains the answer to these questions.</p> Hafiz Nasir Ali Dr Abdul Razaq Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-07-28 2020-07-28 237 248 History of Hospitality Laws - Do Islamic and South Asian Legal History Have the same Approach? (A Comparative Approach of Sharīʿah & Law) http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/237 <p>Respect for guests and visitors, indeed, always remain a common notion of civilized nations; existing on this earth since its inception. This peculiar characteristic, of course, differentiates human beings from animal where the previous are rightly called social animals. The South Asian countries i.e. Pakistan, India, Bangladesh and Nepal are not different in this regard. Their history is always remained a solid evidence of their generosity towards the guests and visitors. Being remained under the rule of the Great Britain, these countries have the same legal history and legal spectrum for dealing tourists and visitors. However, this similarity in terms of hospitality laws is also owing to the similar teaching of their corresponding religions. Findings show that Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism have some common teaching regarding the respect of guests. While having deep sentiments for religious teaching, the residents of such states want the inculcation of religious guidelines in their legal system. Islamic law offers a comprehensive guideline for hospitality comparatively to other religions. Being an Islamic country, it is supposed that such guidelines should be followed while framing legislation for hospitality and tourism. However, study shows that much work is not done yet in this regard. Content analysis technique of qualitative research has been followed in the present work for the investigation of the issue<strong>.</strong></p> Dr. Lutfullah . Farhad Nazir Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-07-28 2020-07-28 1 13 Discourse Analysis of Allah’s Conversations with His Creatures in the Holy Qura’an http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/238 <p>Linguistics, through discourses analysis, offers us guidelines for holding successful conversation by following some principles. It guides us about the strategies on when and how to slip into conversation and what type of qualities should we have in our responses to be cooperative in conversation. Qura’an, being the book of guidance by our Creator, also tenders some exquisite models of conversation from the analyses of which some useful rules of successful conversation can be deduced. Some of the dialogues that Allah held with His creatures find mention in the Holy Qura’an. The purpose of these dialogues with the creatures is their well-being and reformation and at the same time they serve as superb models of guidance, insight and high standard of morality. Along with these conversations, there are some verses in the Holy Qura’an where Allah gives us explicit guidelines for conversation.&nbsp; Analyses of conversations of Allah with the angels, Satan, and the prophets like Ibrahim, Noah, Musa, and Mohammad (mpbh) were carried out with the supporting guidelines of conversation from the Allah in the Holy Qura’an. In these conversations we find, apart from the generally known Gricean maxims of cooperation, some other principles that make conversation successful, moral and pleasant.&nbsp;</p> Dr. Syed Shuja'at Ali Dr. Syed Bacha Agha Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-07-28 2020-07-28 14 24 A Critical Study of Objections of Orientalists and Hadith-Deniers on Sense-Reporting of Hadith Text http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/239 <p><em>Riwayat bil-ma’na</em> (sense-reporting) means that a narrator narrates a hadith in his own words without uttering the actual words he listened. It is a method of narrating hadith which is, although opposed by some scholars and declared an illegal and unfair method, yet most of hadith-experts have conditionally allowed it. A narrator may not be allowed to report the sense/meaning of a hadith without abiding by some condi-tions. It is a fact that, on basis of sense-reporting, many orientalists have played the blame game on hadith. After having influenced by the orientalists, hadith-deniers, modernists and many so-called Muslim scholars have also made objections on this ground. The main reason of these objections, in their opinion, is that during the whole period before compilation of hadith, hadith narrating has been used to take place by the method of sense-reporting. It is a recognized fact that all people do not have the same level of reasoning, memorizing and understanding capability. It is not possible that ten people narrate the words of Prophet in the same wording. That’s why there are many narrations of Hadith on the same topic and different as well. This difference means that any change or fluctuation has been occurred in hadiths. So, these hadiths will no more be viable argument.&nbsp; Moreover all hadiths of books of hadith comprise sense-reporting. The deniers of hadith propagate such ambiguities and make denial and disregard of hadith. So, it is needed to review the objections of deniers of hadith on research point of view and to describe the conditions of hadith-experts clearly. Not mentioning these conditions is, no doubt, dishonesty. Besides this, it is to view different forms of sense-reporting which are present in hadith. So that the matter being discussed, may be made clear on all its aspects. This research article consists on this discussion.</p> Hafiz Rizwan Abdullah Dr. Iftikhar Ahmed Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-07-28 2020-07-28 25 35 Religious and Cultural Manipulation of Gender Roles in The Bull and the She Devil by Zeb Un Nisa Hameedullah http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/240 <p>This paper attempts to study the exploitation of women that takes place in the rural areas of Pakistan in the name of cultural and religious norms. Its main focus is to do analysis of Zeb Un Nisa Hameedullah’s short story titled <em>The Bull and the She Devil </em>under the Lacanian psychoanalytic model delimited to the Mirror stage. The Mirror stage speculates that an individual recognizes himself in the mirror literally and figuratively. In the short story, Ghulam Qadir, the main character, sees himself in the mirror of his newlywed wife and recognizes his weakness. He projects his weaknesses that mainly surface up after his marriage. He does not realize his own shortcomings; rather he puts the entire blame of his failures upon his wife, Shirin, who is committed to her, and does not resist to him like a typical rural woman of Pakistan. The setting of the story locates the rural area of the Punjab province of Pakistan. Ghulam Qadir gives different labels to her and one of the harsh label he uses against Shirin is Devil. This term reveals the psyche of Ghulam Qadir who conceives his wife as a sign of bad happenings, murders her, and commits suicide in the end. The very term, foremost, reflects the inmost of the Pakistani rural men who hold absolute power in the family and misuse the religious and cultural norms just in order to extend their long established hierarchical structure where woman is mere a subject to them. This study reveals that males of the rural areas of Pakistan express their psychological frustration over women and allege them by taking refuge under the umbrella of religion.</p> Dr. Amna Saeed Azan Khalid Dr. Syed Shuja'at Ali Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-07-28 2020-07-28 36 44 A legal status of paper currency in view of Muslim Scholars in the Sub-Continent http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/241 <p>This study was conducted to determine the relevant fatwas of different clerics of different school of thoughts regarding paper currency and further to discuss the pros and cons and explanations regarding it, given by Muslim scholars, in the Sub-Continent. The paper currency is a new concept whose existence and something similar to it did not exist in the era of “Quroon-e-Uoola” (قرونِ اولی) i.e. early days of Islam. Therefore its status is neither mentioned in Quraan nor in Sunna nor discussed in the lives of “Aaima-e-Mujtah-e-deen” implying four ‘fiqhi’ Imam i.e. Imam Abu Hanifa, Imam Shafai, Imam Malik and Imam Hanbal (R.A). Islam is the most comprehensive religion owing to its inclusive teachings that has the capacity and depth to be a shining light for human being in every areas of life through its guidance. The Imams meanwhile have prescribed such principles and rules in accordance with the teaching of Quraan and Sunnah which provides us with resolution of our problems and disputes for good. Therefore, the same guidance (Quran, Sunna and fiqhi rulings) aids us in shedding light on the issue of paper currency after undertaking an analysis at length. The results would be different since different people have different opinions, causing a debate among various scholars, while making it debatable. Our scholars just as well have different point of views about the status of paper currency in light of Islamic jurisprudence since each of them has developed their opinions according to their research carried out by them respectively.</p> Muhammad Mashhood Ahmed Prof. Dr. Shabib ul Hasan Dr. Aziz ur Rehman saifee Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-07-28 2020-07-28 45 56 Issues and Problems of Muslim Minorities in Europe (A Case of British Muslim Community) http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/253 <p>This piece of paper examines the existing position of Muslim minority in England with reference to their challenges, issues and problems, as well as this study reveals the solution and recommendations to solve these issues. The Muslims are one of the biggest communities of Europe in Britain. They are living and settled here since long.&nbsp; They have many important contributions in every field of life even the sitting Mayer of London is a Muslim. It doesn’t mean they have no problem. They are facing lots issues and discrimination in every field of life, especially they are being deprived in the field of economy. Practising Muslims face a wide variety of challenges, even they do not have enough freedom of religion, freedom to offer open prayer, build mosques, keep beard and wear traditional dress at work. Women wearing the veil caused all kinds of issues and are practically banned for certain jobs (e.g. teaching and the police). Islam has dietary requirements that can make deciding what’s acceptable and not acceptable but at work all Muslim workers are not being offered Halal food. Islam is deadly against interest but in the UK the Muslims are unable to avoid themselves from it as no job is interest free. It is perceived that the Muslim minority is politically, economically and socially deprived in the UK. Thus, it’s the dire need to solve the problems of the Muslim communities in all over the West especially in Britain. The analytical and critical research methodology is adopted with mix method approach in this study.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Muhammad Muddasar Dr. Riaz Ahmad Saeed Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-08-17 2020-08-17 57 71 The Concept and Role of Money in Modern Economy: An Islamic Perspective http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/254 <p>Money has received a great deal of attention among Muslim jurists, because of its relevance to shariah issues such as zakat, usury, and sale, etc. These issues are definitely of great importance for all Muslims. This article proceeds with a discussion of classical concept of money as envisaged by early Muslim Jurists and their different point of views about the application of the term money. In second part, the concept and conditions of money according to modern Muslim Jurist and emergence of Islamic currency have been discussed. This part of the article also covers the comparative study of the role and functions of money in both conventional and Islamic economics system. The functions of money as discussed by the modern economists have been discussed by the early Muslim Jurists in detail. The last part of this study consists of the conclusion and findings of this article.</p> Hafiz Moazzum Shah Dr. Syed Abdul Ghaffar Bukhari Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-08-17 2020-08-17 72 81 The Teaching and Propagation Methods of the sacred Life, Character and Conduct of the holy prophet in the Quranic context http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/276 <p>The main and silent features of Prophet Muhammad (SAW) distinctive Prophet hood are his teachings and Propagation of the religion of Islam to the humanity. Allah sent him as the last of this Prophets. The teachings and invitations of religion as imparted and extended to human kind are the eternal arguments showing that the message given by the Prophet (SAW) is the last, and his Prophecies are eternal establishing the religion Islam as the eternal rule for mankind from the Creator. This research undertakes the Principles and methods of preaching and propagation adopted by the Prophet. They are studied and researched scientifically, analytically and logically in the context of the Holy Quran and the life, character and conduct of the Prophet. The research brings out the witnesses that the principles and method practically applied by the Prophet for teaching, preaching and propagation Islam as the eternal religion provide eternal source of guidance, betterment and solution for human beings irrespective of any sort of differences. So, they are the principles and methods which can be applied successfully for preaching and propagating Islam, as the only religion meant for human kind throughout the world.</p> Aman ullah Dr. Hafiz Muhammad Sani Dr. Nosheen Zaheer Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-10-30 2020-10-30 82 92 Analytical Study of Imam Shami’s Tafseeri Points to Quote Surat Al-Fattiha in Sublul Huda http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/287 <p>Imam Abdullah Muhammad bin Yusuf Shami RA (942 h) was one of the most important personalities in the history of Islam. He wrote many books in Islamic points of view. One of the most important and significant his book belongs to Seerah of Muhammad PBUH, which is in fourteen volumes. In that book, Imam Shami RA wrote many verses of the Holy Quran to describe Seerah of Holy Prophet PBUH. We added verses of Surat Al Fatiha in this article that are used in Imam Shami’s book (Sublul Huda Wal Rashad fi Seerat-e-Khair-e-Ebad) to know his Tafseeri points. He often wrote one verse of the Holy Quran at different places and chapters of Sublul Huda, and he got different meanings and concepts from that verse to narrate Seerah al Nabwya (pbuh) in Sublul Huda. In this article, it is analyzed the tafseeri points of Imam Sham with other mufassirin to get meanings from verses. What is the different way of Imam Shami to describes Seerat-ul-Nabi (pbuh) and what are the findings of tafseeri points discussed in Sublul Huda.</p> Muhammad Akram Hurery Dr. Mohd Roslan Mohd Nor Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-10-29 2020-10-29 93 102 A Comparative Study of Human Embryo's Developmental Stages of Sawwak, Addalak, Mudgha and Organogenesis (In the Context of Islam and Embryology) http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/288 <p>The process of creation of man is not a simple process it is rather the formation and organization of the most complicated and well-designed evolutionary systems. These complex creational procedures are written in Islam (Quran and Hadith) that indicates the most decisive stages with specific terminologies like nutaf imshaj, alaqa, sawwak, addalak, mudgha, and organogenesis. This paper aims to utilize the comparative approach to compare the Islamic information regarding creation of man to embryolo-gical studies to find the similarities and differences if present. This com-parison will be limited to the areas of Sawwak, addalak, mudgha and organogenesis.</p> Dr. Nosheen Zaheer Dr. Syed Hamid Farooq Bukhari Zainab Sadiq Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-10-30 2020-10-30 103 109 Pak-Afghan Relations Post 9/11: Amarat Islami Afghanistan and Afghan Peace Agreement and its Problems http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/265 <p>Pakistan is the most imperative neighbor for peaceful Afghanistan and the relationship between both countries is based on complex national understanding of regional threat perception. The analytical investigation of the Pak-Afghan engagement with respect to Afghan War represents that Pakistan impulsively calculated its strategic objectives under the influence of an urge to make an alliance against Indian hegemony in South Asia. Whereas, New Delhi’s primary target in Kabul was to stop Islamabad in coagulating a mutual block of Taliban that would be important to Pakistan at the time of crisis with India. The risk of prospective military assistance from Taliban to Kashmiri separatists was determined strategically by India. Recently, Indian Consulates in Afghanistan has coherently operated under the influence of infamous Ajit Doval Doctrine, to build an insurgency in Pakistan that focuses primarily on Pakistan's inner disruption by cross-border fighting, civilian targeting and proxy war. New Delhi is lobbying in Washington to enhance its diplomatic influence in Afghanistan and also bilaterally engaging with Afghan government to create favorable circumstances through its intelligence networks. After the U.S. attack on Afghanistan, India has founded a great opportunity to minimize Pakistan's strategically role in Afghanistan. The Taliban may eventually agree to dichotomy of power, but they are uncertain about their rigidly undemocratic leadership attitude. A two-level mode of governance is therefore likely to be included in the potential future political system of Afghanistan.</p> Abdul Sadiq Khan Dr. Muhammad Usman Tobawal Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-11-06 2020-11-06 110 119 Great Saying اِنَّمَا بُعِثتُ مُعَلِمًاand Status of Teachers in Muslim Countries: A Comparative Study of Past and Present for Future Improvement http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/281 <p>The Divine teachings of Islam are proved as reliable and eternal by advanced scientific researches. The first revelation of Islam is logically asserted the importance of knowledge acquisition. Prophet Muhammad PBUH proud to be a teacher rather than to be the Last Prophet, Mercy for all Universes, only Returner of heavens, First Governor of Islamic State or Ever Conqueror of Wars, etc. Islam said that there is no any distinction among human beings on the basis of being an Arab or a non-Arab, not on black or white skin color, not due to the status of tribe but a scholar has a great potential of knowledge. It can be proved through the study of history that whenever a society gave a high status to their scholars and teachers, it got respectably high status among the other nations of the world. This phenomenon is also ascertained accurate among the present societies of the world again. This article revolves around the evidences of best days of Muslims till present downfall and the status of teachers in those &amp; present Muslim societies. Resultantly, it is concluded that if any country give high status to their teachers, it will achieve the high status among the world.</p> Dr. Syed Aftab Alam Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-11-06 2020-11-06 120 129 Shariah and Evolution of Fair Trial Rights in Pakistan http://rahatulquloob.com/index.php/rahat/article/view/139 <p>Although Pakistan is considered as one of two states created in name of religion and concieved to be a place where Islam and other religions can be prcticed without fear and repraisal, yet the development of Shariah principles in the legal arena of country and the fabric of society is far from achievable. Fair Trial rights have remained at the backstage of legal concerns in the country, largely considered as a ‘luxury’ of developed societies. Yet the introduction of Article 10-A has started the conformation of basic rights in Pakistan. Although human value and integrity is at the core of rights developed in Shariah, yet the inclusion and provision of fair trial rights in Pakistan needs much improvement and adaptation. &nbsp;</p> Muhammad Iqbal Dr. Khurshid Iqbal Copyright (c) 2020 rahatulquloob 2020-11-06 2020-11-06 130 141