rahatulquloob 2021-01-27T05:50:44+00:00 Dr. Syed Bacha Agha Open Journal Systems <p><iframe src="" width="100%" height="3050"> </iframe></p> Pakistan as Ideological Islamic state and relations with China: Historical Perspective 2021-01-04T16:41:44+00:00 Dr. Allauddin Kakar Dr. Babrak Niaz Prof. Dr. Kaleemullah Barech <p><em>The study examines China-Pakistan relations in historical perspective. Pakistan was founded on the basis of the ideology of Islam. The Islamic Republic of Pakistan has emerged as China’s closest ally. Pakistan and China got independence after much bloodshed and sacrifices. Chinese adhered to the communist ideology which is opposed to capitalism, while Pakistan followed Islamic principles. Despite having two different and contradictory ideologies, China and Pakistan are not inhibited by barriers to social and cultural differences. The bilateral relations between China and Pakistan gradually grow due to strategic gains for either country overshadowing the cultural and social hindrances and ideological differences. The mutual interest made them all weather friends. Mutual diplomatic interests and pressing regional and international politics brought Islamabad and Beijing adjacent to one another to resolve their issues amicably. So, both countries started to cooperate on the diplomatic front. Pakistan extended its support on each diplomatic front and desisted from intrusive in the internal affairs of China who to is not without problems. China too was in need of a friend and good neighbor in the long struggle of international politics.</em></p> 2021-01-01T05:44:46+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob The Challenges Faced by the Muslims During Corona Virus Pandemic: Creating Harmony between Precaution and Reliance on God 2021-01-04T16:43:06+00:00 Dr. Saman Salah Nazir Ahmed Kasi <p>The present paper is an attempt to explore the challenges faced by the Muslims during Corona Virus Pandemic. This Virus originated from Wuhan China and now it has turned out to be a global pandemic. The major current studies conducted on Covid-19 are either related to its impact on global economy or its impact on education system. To date back, there is a dearth of study regarding the impacts of COVID-19 on Muslims faith all around the world.&nbsp; This paper fills in this gap and explores the Islamic perspectives of dealing any pandemic. The discussion concludes that Islam long before gave methods of cleanliness, quarantine and self-protection which are now being proven by the scientific research.</p> 2021-01-01T06:24:31+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob The legality of Artificial sex change in Islamic perspective 2021-01-04T16:40:05+00:00 Dr. Muhammad Yaseen Dr. Muhammad Shahid <p>Humans and diseases are related to each other since the creation. With the passage of time, humans were able to overcome different diseases. But still, they could not find out the solution for those people who were born in wrong bodies. The progress of medical science ultimately enabled them to restore their originality through corrective surgery or sex reassignment surgery. But soon this was also misused like the other researches by opportunists. The people who were healthy and have developed sexual organs got their sex change artificially without knowing the religious aspects. This article will highlight the Islamic aspects of artificial sex change surgery.</p> 2021-01-01T18:11:30+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob Towards Renaissance of Islam After 9/11, An Analysis of Mohsin Ahmad’s A Reluctant Fundamentalist 2021-01-04T16:31:40+00:00 Dr. Abrar Hussain Qureshi Dr. Hafiz Muhammad Ajmal <p><em>The political and theological scenes took a drastic change in the Muslim Ummah of Asia and to some extent in Europe and America after the September 11, 2001 attacks on the twin towers. It seriously affected the Muslims populated regions and the Diasporas stretching from East to West (Solomn, 2007)<a href="#_edn1" name="_ednref1"><strong>[i]</strong></a>. Apparently, Islam faced many threats from the secular West in the form of socio-political sanctions. However, this catastrophic incident also ignited in Muslims to review their Muslims identity and to launch an organized effort to establish the real identity of Islam. The undertaken investigation is an attempt in this regard that how the protagonist Changez in Mohsin Ahmad’s&nbsp; “Reluctant Fundamentalist” shapes into a Islamic fundamentalist after 9/11 attacks and&nbsp; comes back to Pakistan although he was a having a promising career in America that time.&nbsp;</em><a href="#_ednref1" name="_edn1"></a></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2021-01-01T18:38:14+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob Depiction of Hazrat Adam (A.S) in the Poetry of Rehman Baba 2021-01-04T16:29:59+00:00 Dr. Noor Muhammad Danish Bettani Dr. Ishfaq Ali <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p><em>Rehman Baba is considered a famous folk poet of Pashto. His poetry is mystic rather universal. The messages his poetic verses convey are universal as well as local. The locals and the foreigners, having comprehension of his poetic creations, entertain humanistic love and attachment with him. He is loved particularly amongst Pashtuns because his poetry is written in Pashto language.</em><em> The Pashtuns without the any bias of age and gender entertain love and devotion to his poetry. His poetry has depicted the soul and body of the Pashtun’s culture. That’s why, most of his poetry has taken the shape of proverbs amongst Pashtun. Talmeeh refers to</em><em> the historical, political, ethical and religious events or the Quranic injunctions and prophetic sayings.&nbsp; Poetry of Rehmana Baba is abundant in religious Talmeehat. He has depicted Hazrat Adam (A.S) in his poetic creation on various places. There is a strong need to analyze it. This paper examines and analyzes the religious Talmeehat focusing particulary related to Hazrat Adam (A.S).</em></p> 2021-01-01T19:03:31+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob The honor and respect of Women: A comparative study based on Quran o Sunnah and current practices in Pakistan 2021-01-06T18:01:37+00:00 Dr. Gulnaz Naeem Sadia Mahvish <p>Islam honors both men and women and assigns several rights and duties on both of them. These rights and duties are based on their physique and nature for a proper family setup and peaceful society. In fact, it is the great initiative of Islam that it has banned female infanticide. Similarly, it is not important that Islam allows them to get education but it is their duty to get education. In addition, proper nourishment, health and security are among basic rights of women. Above all, she is the very first school to train and educate future’s leaders. However, as the current practices of some Muslims are different from the glorious principles of Quran o Sunnah that’s why there is doubt in some minds regarding the honor and respect of women in Islam. To clarify this doubt, there are several verses in Holy Quran which show their honor and dignity. Similarly, the sayings and practices of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) are enough to respectfully deal with women either they are mothers, sisters, daughters or wives. The only issue is, to implement these injunctions and to practice them in the society.</p> 2021-01-02T17:43:43+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob Contributions and Criticism of Western Scholars on Islamic inheritance (An Analytical Study) 2021-01-06T18:01:35+00:00 Dr. Farhat Aziz Muhammad Yousuf Yaqoob <p>In this paper, the criticisms and contributions of Western Scholars and their impacts on society have been discussed. To study the civilization‘s heritage, history, language, literature, fine arts, sciences, and sociology, of the people of East, by the westerns, is called Orientalism. In the ancient Arabic dictionary, the term “orientalism” is not present. In Europe, after the Renaissance, to introduce the East in the West, and to point out the expected interests of the West in the East, the Western Scholars performed their duty elegantly.&nbsp; All of the ancient and modern western scholars wrote about the Holy Qur‘an, and almost all of them neglected its present order and tried to determine the order of revelation of Qur’anic verses according to their own mind. Torrey of Yale spent his whole life to find out contradictions in the book of God. Bell of Edinburgh applied the rules of higher criticism on Qur’anic injunctions. Many other orientalists as Arthur Jeffery, A.T.Welch, J.D.Pearson, Montgomery Watt and Karen Armstrong are also written about the Qur’an and biography of the prophet (PBUH). Western scholars also have a great role in denouncing the history of Islam. It is the need of the era to go through their literary efforts to explore their objectives and outcomes. It is also essential to study their struggle to prove about their right and wrong points. At a time, the Orientalists gained popularity among all schools of thought of different religions. This study is necessary and beneficial for all students, teachers and research scholars of every field of life.</p> 2021-01-02T17:58:01+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob Hajj 2013: The Western Media Discourses 2021-01-06T18:01:34+00:00 Sidra Shahid Nauman Sial <p>Hajj is the fifth pillar of Islam and is the largest religious gathering on the globe. Every year, over two million Muslims make their way to Mecca to perform Hajj. The current study attempted to explore the themes that were dominant in the print media discourses of United Kingdom and United States about holy event Hajj. The study also tried to find out that how the Western print media constructed the identity of Muslims holy event. The qualitative discourse analysis has been used as a research design for this study. The two UK English dailies i.e. <em>Daily Mail</em> and <em>The Guardian,</em> and one online news publication <em>IBTimes</em> while two US English dailies i.e. <em>Los Angeles Times</em> and <em>USA Today, </em>and one online publication <em>Huff Post</em> have been selected for this purpose. A total of 20 news items from the year 2013 have been selected for the analysis. The results indicated that there was no significant difference in the assortment of themes by print media of UK and US. The Western media used the discourses of sectarianism and terrorism, and also highlighted the issues of Muslim sects. The results also revealed that the Western newspapers presented the importance of Hajj, but they also associated the gathering of Muslims with fears and threats.</p> 2021-01-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob URDU: حرام اورمسئلہ تملیک و تصدق: شرعی و تحقیقی جائزہ 2021-01-06T18:01:31+00:00 Dr. Muhammad Mushtaq Ahmed <p>Majority of sharia scholars are of the opinion that in voluntary charity (sadaqa naafila) transfer of ownership and possession of the needy and poor on the charity is not stipulated, while in obligatory charity (sadaqa waajiba) like zakat, fidya of prayer and fasting it is considered that (<em>tamleek</em> <em>ul faqeer</em>) transfer of ownership and possession of the needy is compulsory and it could not be spent in social welfare activities. Keeping in view the condition of “<em>Tamleek ul faqeer</em>”, anything which comes in the ownership of a person from invalid sources (<em>maal e haraam</em>) also falls in this category, as it is also obligatory to be given in charity. However the question arises whether the condition of transfer of ownership and possession of the needy should be applied in <em>maal-e-haraam</em> like <em>Sadaqaat-e-wajiba </em>or it is allowed to spend the amount in social welfare activities without possession.</p> <p>In this paper, after presenting the view points of classical scholars regarding different types of maal, maal-e-haram and where this kind of wealth shall be spent, the issue of possession is also examined in obligatory charity and maal-e-haraam. It is suggested that categories of obligatory charity be differentiated in terms of possession, as the nature and sources of each kind is different and the condition of ownership and possession may not be applied on the charity of invalid income and this kind of wealth may be allowed to be given in social welfare activities without <em>tamleek ul faqeer</em>.</p> 2021-01-04T16:53:10+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob URDU: صحابہ کرام کا باہمی تنازعات میں حدیث رسول ملنے پرطرز عمل 2021-01-06T18:01:33+00:00 Dr Mati ur Rehman <p>Allah Almighty revealed the Qur’an to His chosen Prophet Muhammad (PBUH),who properly explained and elaborated it. Without the required explanations and illustrations given by the Prophet(PBUH), the Qur’an may be misunderstood and misinterpreted by people. The Companions of Prophet(PBUH) knew that all the sayings, deeds, and revelations of Prophet(PBUH) come from Allah Almighty and these are totally religion. They consider it obligatory to follow the Sunnah and communicate what they heard to those who did not hear it. None of the Companions intentionally abandoned the Hadith of the Prophet (PBUH). Particularly they adopt Hadith when they differ in any issue and they didn’t hesitate to change their opinions for the Prophetic traditions.</p> 2021-01-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob URDU: نعمۃ الباری شرح صحیح البخاری کے منہج و اسلوب کا تجزیاتی جائزہ 2021-01-06T18:01:29+00:00 Abbas Ali Dr. Muhammad Akram Wirk <p>Allah has created so many personalities in every era who took the responsibility to lead the Muslim Ummah wholeheartedly. Allama Ghulam saeedi is one of them. Whose all writings are consist of scientific discussions and they are according to the principles of latest and modern research. It becomes very clear from the pattern and style of Naimat ul Bari fi Sharhe Sahih Bukhari that his writing is not only comprehensible and very simple but also holds lot of scientific topics between the lines. It is the quality of his style that he presents lot of arguments on every topic before the reader that the reader finds no doubt and further quest and inquiry of any type. He has adopted a researching style. His described references are so complete and accurate that a reader can get very easy access &nbsp;to their origins. The abundance of references used by him reveals his vast study and keen interest in study the origins. It is his specialty to keep an eye on originalsand read between the lines. This thing defines the place of a researcher in the literary world. His references are in abundance, verified and trustworthy which covers the knowledge of ancient and modern science.This book is extremely distinguished as for as the method and style are concerned.</p> 2021-01-04T18:04:19+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob URDU: اہل کتاب سے اخذِ روایات کےاصول و حدود۔۔۔ایک تحقیقی مطالعہ 2021-01-27T05:50:44+00:00 Tariq Mehmood Prof. Dr. Muhammad Abdullah <p>Disciples of Islamic Sciences especially of Hadith and Seerah bestow a significant value to the primary rules for acceptance and rejection. Scholars and Debaters vary regarding to their specific view of said topic. Another question arises whether the Traditions reported by the Believers (Ahl-e-Kitab) should be accepted or not. Moreover, if the said notion is acknowledged, what would be its legal value? The foremost thing which is explained is to evaluate the parameters of "Believers". No doubt Jews and Christian come up the very touchstone of said evaluation. Besides, Sabyeen, Magus and some sundry groups line up the said evaluation. Secondly, in the context of acceptance and rejection of the traditions of Believers and Non-believers, the viewpoint of Quran o Sunnah, the Mohadasin, Religious scholars and debaters has been explored. In this paper, all aspects regarding above discussion will elaborate.</p> 2021-01-04T18:23:21+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob URDU: ڈاکٹر عبدالرحمن عبّد کی نعتیہ شاعری میں حضور سرور کونین صلی اللہ علیہ و سلم کی سراپا نگاری 2021-01-14T14:17:58+00:00 Muhammad Yousaf Dr Muhammad Altaf <p>The relationship of “Sarapa nigari”in &nbsp;Naat has been associated with Muhammad SAW. This topic has been beautifully maintained from the period of “Sahaba –Karam “to the period of present poets.The heart and eyes of the poets of Azad Jammu and Kashmir have been sparkled by the “Sarapa nigari”of&nbsp; Hazrat Muhammad SAW. Prominent one out of these poets is Dr .Abdul Rahman abd. Abdul Rahman abd described the complete “Sarapa of Hazrat&nbsp;&nbsp; Mohammad SAW in his Naatia poetry, and he described it in such a beautiful way that his affection and deep association with “Naatia poetry” clearly Reveal.</p> 2021-01-06T18:56:27+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob URDU: معاشرتی امن وامان عصر حاضر کی اولین ضرورت (پہلی صدی ہجری کی مسلم خواتین کےعملی کردار کے تناظر میں) 2021-01-22T14:07:47+00:00 Muhammad Majid Khan Prof. Dr. Muhammad Idrees Lodhi <p>The journey of humanity has begun with a man and a woman. Their descendants also spread from them. Woman breeds the human race with her blood while children's care, home management, preparation of food and clothes have been remained in her duties. Animals hunting and trade have always been done by man because he is forceful. But this difference of the strength between them had become the standard of honor and humility in past history. Therefore, he has given high status but due to her weakness, the status of the woman was considered very low. So, from the ancient times man has also deprived her for the basic rights, from which every human being must possess. Peace is the alternate name of security. Thus a prosperous human society comes into existence where there is a clear and mutually harmonious relationship among entire its people. The feminist part is called a spinal cord of society, if they come forward in this field to improve the work of reform, unite each other with the concept of every correction, the destination of our society will be reversed. And then, in reality, the society will become a practical model of peace. Hence it can be called a reformed and welfare community. In this article, problems relating to Muslim women in peace and reform in Pakistan will be discussed in the light of Quran and Sunnah. Its detail can be seen in internal pages.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2021-01-15T13:42:43+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob URDU: فلسفہ جبرو قدر کی قرآنی حیثیت 2021-01-22T12:52:18+00:00 Dr. Muhammad Hanif Dr. Javed Iqbal <p>The concept of fate luck and destiny, the philosophy of Jabr-O-Qadar in other words the philosophy of destiny remained very significant and to some extent a controversial subject of debate among the muslim thinkers, writers and philosophers in particular and it remained a hot subject of discussion among the world intelligentsia as a general as well. A number of schools of thought along with individual scholars approached that particular subject with their own specific ideas and interpretations by presenting their logic, evidences and explanations having the fact that all referred the Holly Quran as a fundamental source of inspiration. It has also been explained that to what extent the humanity may depend on its free will and despite of the Almighty Allah's decision of destiny for the human being. What a person can do with his free will in this world and what he can't do. What is the real status of luck and fate and what is the true sprits of the concept of destiny in the context of Quranic verses and to what extent the various Islamic schools of thought represent the true Quranic spirits. To explain and elaborate all these concepts the Quranic verses have been given and analyzed in this paper.</p> 2021-01-17T08:34:52+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob URDU: مولاناشاہ حکیم محمداختر ؒ(سلسلہ اختریہ ) کی مشہورکتب ومواعظ کاتعارفی جائزہ 2021-01-22T12:52:17+00:00 Waleed Khan <p>Molana Hakim Muhammad Akhter was born in 1923 in village Atheha in the District of Pratapgarh province Uter Pardesh (UP) India. He got his religious education from his saint Molana Abdul Ghani Pholpuri in Madarasa Bait-ul-Aloom which is located at Sarai Meer district Azam Ghar India and after this he, got Medical Education from Tibbia College Allahabad. He was a Sufi, a great scholar, acknowledged writer and a kind reformer. Molana Muhammad Akhter was the founder of Silsla e Akhrtaria. (Religious and Spiritual genealogy) He also set up a Madrasa Asharaf ul Madaris and Khankah Imdadia Ashrafia in Karachi. Number of his followers and scholars are his disciple who got the knowledge of Sharia (Islamic laws) Tariqat (mystic ways of life). Moreover, he established a NGO “Al-Akhtar trust International” in 2001 for the well_being of humanity. As in the present scenario, our society is carried by nominal Islamic practices and trends, thus in this regard Shah Hakim Muhammad Akhter came forward to root out these types of evils from the society through the succession of Silsa e Akhatria. He wrote down various Islamic books which were translated in Arabic, Urdu, and Garman&amp; English language. So books of Molana Hakim Muhammad Akhter are not only famous in Pakistan but also in India, South Africa, France, Saudi Arabia, Bangladesh, Barma and in other countries of the world. However, the main objective of this article is to take a review of the introduction of highly noted and leading books and Exhortation of Molana Hakim Muhammad Akhtar (Silsila e Akhtaria) and bring forth the prominent features of them.</p> 2021-01-17T08:59:38+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 rahatulquloob