من مناهج علماء شبه القارة الهندية فى بيان العقيدة الصحيحة: جهود الشيخ أحمد السرهندى نموذجا

Ulama of the Indian subcontinent and their approaches to explain the correct belief: The Contribution of Shaikh Ahmad Al-sarhandi as a Case Study

  • Dr. Munazza Batool International Islamic University, Islamabad.
Keywords: Shaikh Ahmad al-Fārūqī, wahdat ash-shuhūd, wahdat al-wujūd.

Abstract

Mujaddid-e-Alfi Sani Shaikh Ahmad al-Fārūqī al-Sirhindī (1564–1624) was an Indian Islamic scholar, a Hanafi jurist, and a prominent member of the Naqshbandī Sufi order. He has been described as a Mujaddid, meaning "the reviver" for his work in rejuvenating Islam and opposing the newly made religion of Din-i Ilahi and other dissident opinions of Mughal emperor Akbar. Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi's teaching emphasized the inter-dependence of both the Sufi path and sharia, stating that "what is outside the path shown by the prophet is forbidden. Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi advanced the notion of wahdat ash-shuhūd (oneness of appearance). According to this doctrine, the experience of unity between God and creation is purely subjective and occurs only in the mind of the Sufi who has reached the state of fana' fi Allah (to forget about everything except Almighty Allah). Sirhindi consi-dered wahdat ash-shuhūd to be superior to wahdat al-wujūd (oneness of being), which he understood to be a preliminary step on the way to the Absolute Truth.

Author Biography

Dr. Munazza Batool, International Islamic University, Islamabad.

Assistant Professor, Faculty of Usool-ud-Din

Published
2020-07-27
Section
Articles