مقام ِ رسالت کا حقیقی تصوراور ڈینیئل براؤ ن کی فکر:ایک تجزیاتی مطالعہ
The real status of Prophetic Authority and the views of Daniel Brown; an analytical study
This article addresses the questions about the nature of Prophetic authority, raised by contemporary orient list Daniel W. Brown in his book 'Rethinking Tradition in Modern Islamic Thought'. In the fourth chapter, he tries to prove that the nature of Prophetic authority is controversial among the modern Muslim scholars namely the supporters of hadith, deniers of hadith and those who adopted a middle way. He argues that the theory of infallibility (isma) of the Prophet (SAW) entered into classical sunni doctrine around ninth Century AD. Most of the Muslim scholars are of the view that the Prophet (SAW) is infallible inasmuch as the revelation is concerned, but they differed in matters falling outside the sphere of revelation. In this way the personality of the Messenger of Allah was divided into two spheres, human and Prophetic. The question as to where to drop a line between the two caused great discussions among the Muslim scholars. Brown states that, during 19th and 20th centuries, these debates led the Muslim scholars of India and Egypt to heated discussions about the authority of the Prophet (SAW) and his Sunnah. He, then, discusses at length the views of different scholars and comes up with results of his own liking. This study tries to clarify ambiguities created by Daniel Brown during the course of discussion and indicates the real status of the Prophetic authority among the Muslims ofall ages.