Social Security of Human Beings and Islamic Economic System: An Analysis
This research paper is an investigation of providence of social security to human beings by Islam, also deals with support and security of Islamic economic system for human beings. Islam provides a complete solution to the problems faced by human beings in day to day life. In Islamic society, each and every person will get their basic needs. The one who is disable or having illness (physical or mental), will be getting its basic needs. The second Caliph, Hazrat Umar (RA) saw an old Jew beggar, who was begging in the market, he called upon him and issued a monthly stipend. Hazrat Umar (RA) knew the responsibility of the state to provide him basic needs, further He state that the beggar had already paid to the state when he was young. Although, it is the duty of the state to ensure the basic needs of the people/citizen of state. Islam, also, encourages the individuals of the society to play their roles for the sustainability of equal system. The Quranic verses stresses on the responsibility of individual and state. The present world meet the misery of the people in nineteenth century while Islam had given born right to every human being, fourteen centuries ago. Islam has a fixed amount (specific amount of gold, silver, cattle and cash) of Zakat which has to be paid by the rich people to the state. In addition, the state will provide Zakat to the deprived people of the society.