قراآتِ متواترہ اور قراآتِ شاذّہ کا تعارفی مطالعہ اور ان کی قبولیت کی شرائط
An introductory study of Qira’at-e-Mutawatira & Qira’at-e-Shadha andthe academic and research based review of the conditions of their acceptance
The Holy Quran is Allah’s words and it is a foundational source of Shariah. It consists of many characteristics. One of them is that it has been revealed with more than one Qira’ah. However, Muslim scholars have a consensus that Allah has permitted to recite in different dialect for the ease of Ummah provided that it is approved by the Holy Prophet. There is no need of Ijtehad in the relevant subject. Qira’ah has a significant position in the science of Sharia. Therefore, like other disciplines to understand the meaning of the Holy Quran, the science of Qira’ah elaborates the brief verses of the Holy Quran even Qira’ah helps derive the Shariah commandments. The science of Qira’ah has assisted different Shariah disciplines whether it is Sarf and Nahw (Syntax and morphology) or lexicon. Nonetheless it has a significant value in the Shariah, people are ignorant of the science of Qira’ah and deny varied Qira’ah. Hence, looking at the situation, it is necessary to introduce Qira’ah and shed light on the criteria set by renowned and authenticated scholars to accept the Qira’ah. In this paper, the literal meaning, terminology of Qir’ah, kinds of Qira’ah and the criteria for the acceptance of Qira’ah have been described.