URDU: اقبال کا تصور اجتہاد مسائل جدیدہ اور اس کا نفاذ
Iqbal’s Conception of Ijtihad, and its implementation in Modern challenges
The Ijtihad is one of dominant concept in Iqbal’s creative thoughts and ideas. Iqbal described Ijtehad both in his poetry and his prose. Indeed, the main source of his concept is based on Quran and sunnah. Although, Iqbal visited east and west and studied worldwide eastern and western philosophy of socio religious thoughts and he came on this result that review in Islamic fiqh is necessary without revival and reconstructions in religious thoughts, Islamic ummah cannot resist as we know that Iqbal himself was a reformist he want to reformations in Islamic teachings and law. The biggest problem of our time is the indiscriminate racism that afflicts humanity. this is the intellectual, cultural, and religious conflict. Undoubtedly, wise men like Iqbal, on the basis of their understanding, foresight, study and experience realizing this main conflict of humanity. On the one hand, Iqbal examined the sciences of the East and the West carefully and first diagnosed their shortcomings and then pointed out the way to remove them, and then to emphasize its correctness by pointing out the shortcomings of the East-West style of society, the weaknesses of education and philosophy, the gap between spirituality and materialism, and so on. In this regard, Iqbal considers the solution to the Eastern tragedy as political as well as the inevitability of ijtihad in the Islamic constitution.