ARABIC: دراسة نماذج من الأحاديث التي أعلها الدارقطني بتعارض الوصل والإرسال في كتابه الغرائب والأفراد

An Empirical Study of Ahādith declared Muallal (defective) due to contradiction of narrators in chains (wasl and Irsāl) from the book (al-Gharāib and al-Afrād) of Imam al-Dārāquṭnī

  • Johra Bashir International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan
Keywords: al-Gharāib and al-Afrād, al-Dārāquṭnī, wasl and Irsāl, contradiction of narrators

Abstract

Authenticity of a hadith (Prophetic tradition) from the advent of Islam to the present age has been a matter of great importance to the Muslims; it is one of the two primary sources of Islam. Therefore, many hadith scholars throughout the Islamic history-such as Imam al-Dārāquṭnī- dedicated their lives to the study of prophetic traditions & laid ground rules to identify and separate the correct narrations from the wrong ones. A hadith is rendered suspicious by -among other things- a contradiction of narrators in the narration of the same hadith, which can occur either in the Sanad (the chain of narrators) or in the text of the hadith. This study attempts to discuss a variation of this contradiction, which occurs when one or more chains of narrators are connected, while other chains skip a narrator after the sahābi (a companion of Prophet ﷺ). The study includes methodologies & rules of the Scholars to resolve such contradictions as well as some practical examples of contradictory ahādith from the book al-Gharāib & al-Afrād by Imam al-Dāraquṭnī which detail the procedure of dealing with such contradictions, considering the rules & identifying the most accurate chain of narrators.

Author Biography

Johra Bashir, International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan

Ph.D Scholar, Department of Hadith

Published
2022-08-03
How to Cite
Johra Bashir. (2022). ARABIC: دراسة نماذج من الأحاديث التي أعلها الدارقطني بتعارض الوصل والإرسال في كتابه الغرائب والأفراد: An Empirical Study of Ahādith declared Muallal (defective) due to contradiction of narrators in chains (wasl and Irsāl) from the book (al-Gharāib and al-Afrād) of Imam al-Dārāquṭnī. Rahat-Ul-Quloob, 6(2), 32-49. https://doi.org/10.51411/rahat.6.2.2022/432